The Political Participation and Government Size/PARTICIPATION POLITIQUE ET TAILLE DU GOUVERNEMENT

Article excerpt

Abstract:

This paper analyzes the effect of political participation on government size. First, the paper extends the model proposed by Mueller and Stratmann, which considers relation of political participation and government size. Second, we estimate this model with another index like democracy, voice and accountability, and Civil liberties index as political participation index. This model points that any increase in political participation is generally found to raise government size; however this increasing effect is low. Also, other considered indicators have a significant effect on government size. Our case study is the Asia and Pacific Ocean countries in during 2000 to 2008. Findings showed that when participation rate, democracy index, and voice and accountability index increase one percent, government size increases 0.065, 1.30, and 3.19 percent, respectively. Additionally, when civil liberties increases one percent, government size declines 1.29 percent. The paper provides a small expansion of Mueller and Stratmann model that considers the effect of the overall concept of political participation on government size by using indexes like democracy, voice and accountability, and Civil liberties index.

Key words: Government Size; Political participation; Generalized Method of Moments (GMM)

Résumé: Cet article analyse l'effet de la participation politique sur la taille du gouvernement. Tout d'abord, l'article étend le modèle concernant la participation politique et la taille du gouvernement proposé par Mueller et Stratmann. Ensuite, il évalue ce modèle avec d'autres indices comme la démocratie, le droit de parler et la responsabilité, et des indices de libertés civiles en tant que l'indice de la participation politique. Ce modèle indique que toute augmentation de la participation politique contribue généralement à élargir la taille du gouvernement, mais cet effet est faible. En outre, d'autres indicateurs estimés ont un effet significatif sur la taille du gouvernement. Notre étude de cas est menée sur les pays en Asie et dans l'océan pacifique au cours de 2000 à 2008. Les résultats ont montré que lorsque le taux de participation, l'indice de démocratie et l'indice du droit de parieret de la responsabilité augmente de 1%, la taille du gouvernement élargit de 0.065%, 1.30%, et 3.19%t, respectivement. Par contre, lorsque les libertés civiles augmente de 1%, la taille du gouvernement baisse de 1,291%. L'article fait une légère expansion du modèle de Mueller et Stratmann qui évalue l'effet de la notion globale de la participation politique sur la taille du gouvernement à l'aide des indices comme la démocratie, le droit de parler et la responsabilité, et des indices de libertés civiles.

Mots clés: Taille du gouvernement; Participation politique; Méthode des Moments Généralisée (MMG)

1. INTRODUCTION

Nowadays, différent in economic performance of countries is not only depend on differentiation of per capita income, physical and human capital growth, productivity, geographic circumstances and etc, but also is depend on factors such as political system, government behavior, public policies, culture, and religion. Recent mentioned factors were entered to economic analysis and considered the key factors in which led to different in countries economic performance. The current mean of democracy is only a political system that considered the participation of citizens in politics and governmental affairs as citizenship right. Max Weber described democracy as the political system in which people participate in the governmental system actively and the key concept of participation is included in concept of citizenship. In Weber's view, citizenship means the ability to participate in decision making, policy setting, and leader selecting. The unique characteristic of democracy in comparison with other political systems is the presence of citizens in politics and participation in determining their own political destiny. …