The Economic and Social Changes Faced by People with Special Needs Arising from Poverty in the South Region of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

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Abstract

This study was designed to tackle the issue of economic and social problems resulting from poverty of the disabled in our Jordanian society and specifically in the southern and eastern region of Jordan, The importance of the study springs from the humanitarian, developmental, social, economic and religious aspects, where of poverty and the problems associated with stand an obstacle to disabled people in the southern region in Jordan that hinders achieving their family, social and economic duties. The study sample consisted of (300) disabled of the study population in the Southern region, and the personal interview was used in the study approach as it is appropriate to the nature of the study. The researchers concluded that the impact of structural elements on the study sample is stronger than the individual and fatal factors. This is consistent with the findings of previous studies taking into account the difference in the environment and the degree of growth of the community where the study sample lives.

Key Words: People with special needs; Poverty

INTRODUCTION AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

The phenomenon of poverty is one of the most important and oldest dilemmas witnessed by communities, and endorsed by the economic and social theories. The historical heritage of this phenomenon is linked to large wealth differences, and the presence of wealthy individuals, or rich nations that find it in their interest to keep other nations in continuous poverty (Rummani, 2005).

The truth is that poverty is one of the most dangerous cases and the most complex for examination and, it speaks the paradox of realism that combine cause and effect, for many of the major social and political revolutions in human history, poverty was one of the main causes, and we here remember the words of Aristotle "Poverty is the generator of revolutions and crime". Also our Islamic heritage is full of narratives and its consequences, where we find the famous saying of Ali Bin Talib, may Allah bless him: "If poverty were a man I would kill him (Shukairi,2001)."

In the framework of the structural and functional theories, the concept of inequality is used in the context of analysis of the social classes, as the disparity of wealth, power and prestige is seen as one of the basic facts in the history of human society even in the initial stage of it, because inequality is part of the natural order, The functional analysis of inequality is represented in a number of issues in the forefront of which are these three:

A. Variation of the shares of different people from inborn readiness and acquired skills (intelligence, motivation, ambition, creativity, perseverance, experience, etc.).

B. Variation of the importance of social roles and functions required by the pattern of social conduct, and to achieve stability, as there are greater functionality jobs which are important and vital to the existence and the continuation of society.

C. Talented people rights in terms of inborn readiness and acquired skills to occupy higher positions and receive the largest financial or non-financial income, while remaining lower-ranking positions are for those with lower incomes and less ability (Athari, 2010).

On this basis, it is said that poverty is a fair share of the poor, and that the attempt against it is one of the most important sources of tension in the social pattern (Ghoneim, 2008).

This trend was criticized by many scientists, psychologists and social workers, who have stressed the lack of what supports the hypothesis of a culture of poverty, because there is evidence to the contrary directions, and this is consistent with the perspective of psychological and social phenomenon of poverty, in which many educators and social reformers see that the phenomenon of poverty is a manifestation of social injustice, that can be treated by measures and steps based on the understanding of poverty as a complex concept and a social phenomenon, interfering in its composition personal, environmental, social, and political factors, and should be treated radically; where it is not enough to treat its symptoms, so it falls to the state according to this perspective the responsibility to protect its citizens whether poor or others in contemporary industrial societies from the problems that citizens cannot endure (Al Fans, 2001). …