Chronology: Turkey

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See also Iraq, Syria

May 17: Intermittent clashes led to the deaths of at least six Turkish soldiers and several Kurdish militants. Three Turkish soldiers died on May 4 when Kurdish militants opened fire on them during raids on suspected militant hideouts, while seven Kurdish rebels were killed on May 7-8 in clashes with security forces. Three more Turkish soldiers were killed on May 17 in clashes with Kurdish rebels near the Syrian border. [Reuters, 5/4]

May 25: The PKK claimed responsibility for a suicide car bomb attack that killed one Turkish policeman and the two bombers at a police station in Pinarbasi in central Turkey. Turkish media reported that the bombers entered the country from Syria. Interior Minister Idris Naim Sahin said that four people were detained in response to the attack. [Reuters, 5/26]

June 17: A Syrian general fled to Turkey, the tenth to do so since the beginning of the uprising in Syria in March 2011. The general, who was not named, entered Turkey with his family and went to the Apaydin camp in the Hatay Province of southern Turkey, which hosted some of the tens of thousands of Syrian refugees in the country. [GN, 6/17]

June 19: Ten PKK militants and eight Turkish soldiers were killed in clashes at three different military observation points. The clashes were the largest to date between the PKK and the Turkish military in 2012. [Reuters, 6/19]

June 22: Syrian forces shot down a Turkish F-4 Phantom fighter jet after it briefly entered Syrian airspace. Syrian officials claimed that the jet was in Syrian airspace when it was fired upon, while Turkish officials claimed that it was in international airspace. Turkish prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan also stated that the rules of engagement with Syria had changed, meaning that Syrian military movements near the Turkish border would be considered a threat to Turkey. …