Role of Education in Employment Opportunities for Women in Iran as a Important Factor for the Sustainability of the Society

Article excerpt

Abstract:

Education plays an important role in a person's life because it allows for personal growth, enrichment, awareness of environment and opportunities for social-economic improvement. It is because of education, research and application that society has progressed the way it has and it is the lack of education that perhaps can be blamed for many dark spots of human history, particularly for women. Therefore, it is only logical to think that education would be available throughout the world, to all people, of all colors, economic backgrounds, gender and ethnicity in order to safeguard the future's wellbeing.

One of most important criteria for measuring development of one country is importance of the subject and validity women have. Whatever the effective and active attendance of women becomes more in the social affairs, the country develops more. It's clear that real importance is not apparent and effective and the attendance is not symbolic. As women are appreciated, they can undertake their main tasks, namely up bringing human and regenerating occupational opportunity that will be accomplished in the future society. Thus the recognition of women status and promoting their basis and the role of training has very important to develop occupational opportunity.

Many researchers have discovered that the road to education holds many traps and barriers. It depends much on the economy of a nation, and its religious and racial beliefs. In Iran for example, the role of education on women's life has affected their relationship with the other gender and their role in society. Most significantly, education after the Islamic Revolution has been used to promote the ideals of Islam, and to construct the ideals of motherhood and wifehood.

Keywords:

Education, Employment base, active population, Women participation

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Introduction

Higher education is a process of imparting knowledge and skills to individuals and empowers them to;

Participate in development, decision making and democratic process. Effective education takes place when students are able to participate fully and benefit from that education. Disability can be explained in terms of any restriction that results from impairment and hinders a person from performing an activity within the range considered normal for a normal person (Heward, 2006, Hardman, Drew & Egan, 2005).

According toUN Convention on the Rights of Persons with

Barriers that limit a person's full participation include; negative attitude, discriminative policies and practices, and inaccessible environments as a result of these barriers, students are being excluded from accessing higher education. According to findings from a series of focused discussion groups from 12 countries carried out in late 2005 and early 2006, access to education was one the main concerns raised by these young people (Ncube & Macfadyen, 2006)

According to UNESCO (2005), inclusion as a dynamic approach of responding positively to pupil diversity and of seeing individual differences not as a problem but as opportunity for enriching learning The aim of inclusive education is to remove the historical exclusion within and outside of the school through enactment or modification of legislation, policies and educational management practices in order to promote the reorganization of the educational systems and the acceptance of all students independently of their differences, ( Rustemier, 2002)

Differences among students may be related to disability, gender, size, color or ethnicity and disability is just one of these differences and does not limit ones strengths and abilities. Inclusive education recognizes that these differences are valuable and bring creativity and through them ideas are shared and experienced. In other words, inclusion is about transforming systems to be inclusive of everyone and not about inserting persons into existing structures (UNICEF, 2009). …