An Examination of Articles Published on Preschool Education in Turkey*

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study aims to examine articles published in Turkey on Preschool Education both in terms of subject and method. Sample of the study based on document analysis in qualitative method consists of seven Turkey-based journals indexed in SSCI (Social Science Citation Index) and 10 journals indexed in Turkish Academic Network and Information Center (ULAKBIM). Descriptive statistics related to selected articles were first provided and then evaluations made through criteria form developed according to "Criteria for Evaluating Studies in Social Sciences" that Kircaali-Iftar edited from Gay and Airasian were provided. Among the journals examined are "Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice" and "Elementary Education Online" journals in which most articles on preschool education were published. Journals examined were classified into five categories based on their subjects. Most of the studies in the selected articles focused on "education in preschool education grade". Among these articles, articles focusing on "language teaching, games and science teaching" were examined. Most of the studies were descriptive studies. Questionnaires/scales, interview forms and tests were used as data collection tools and parametric analyses were used in data analysis. There is not any problem in reporting aims, results and suggestions parts of the studies, however, there are serious problems in model, population, sample, reliability and validity and data analysis of the studies examined and there is not any information related to representation rate of sample in the population. Also, while there is information regarding the reliability, there is not sufficient information on validity of studies.

Key Words

Preschool Education Studies, Article, Examination.

Although it is possible to determine criteria for the institutionalization of a science branch such as opening new departments, educational programs giving out diplomas, scientific corporations holding scientific meetings and institutionalization of scientific research, the quality of scientific studies is among the most significant criteria. The reason for this is that scientific studies are the basic indicators of production and accumulation of high quality knowledge on that specific area. Within that framework, in recent years, it can be observed that there has been a significant increase in the number of studies on educational sciences and teacher education in Turkey, the number of journals published on educational sciences and indexed in international educational indexes has increased and more and more scientific meetings and congresses are held. It can also be seen that various scientific branches have increased their association activities. All these activities facilitate publication and spread of scientific studies and lead to an increase in the number of publications. However, this quantitative increase does not necessarily bring about an increase in quality. Thus, many studies are conducted on the quality of these studies, recently. These studies examine suitability of four basic parts needed to be in a scientific study that are "introduction", "method", "findings", "results, discussion and suggestions" according to some adopted reporting principles, because basic condition for the publications of scientific studies is the reporting phase that needs to be effective, understandable and to be in systematic coherence. Systematic consideration of knowledge produced while doing a research is possible only when all processes are recorded and reported (Agaoglu, Altinkurt, Ceylan, Kesim, & Madden, 2008). Articles, within that context, are among the research type that has the most important function of spreading the knowledge as scientific articles serve the goal of helping scientists to observe what is happening in their areas of expertise. Scientists need to read studies conducted by one another, communicate with each other effectively, and discuss issues and, within that framework, it could be noted that articles create a science production environment (Sargut, 2006). …