Higher Education and International Student Mobility in the Global Knowledge Economy

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Higher Education and International Student Mobility in the Global Knowledge Economy. Gürüz, Kemal (2008). Albany, State University of New York: SUNY Press.

In the context of internationalization and globalization of higher education, Kemal Gürüz's book, Higher Education and International Student Mobility in the Global Knowledge Economy, explores contributions made by international students and scholars in higher education from a historical perspective. A native of Turkey, Gürüz studied and worked for a while at Harvard University and the State University of New York in the United States. He presents the international mobility of students and scholars with in-depth historical, cultural and socio-economical perspectives. Gürüz highlights global knowledge economy, institutional patterns of higher education, enrollments, governance, and recent changes in higher education of several countries in this book.

The book is designed into six chapters. Chapter 1 defines "global knowledge economy" as academic mobility in higher education. He presents historically the role of capitalism in global knowledge economy as it drives "virtuous cycle of innovation, reward, and reinvestment" (12). Similarly, "international student mobility" refers to students studying in a foreign country in which Gürüz focuses on social, cultural, and political perspectives these students bring with in internationalization of higher education.

In Chapter 2, Gürüz analyzes educational attainment of emigrants and value of education historically with data on enrollment and demand in higher education from various countries. Chapter 3 concerns with how globalization has affected finance, administration and governance of both public and private universities across the globe. Chapter 4 shows compares and contrasts technology-driven non-profit, for-profit, private and public higher education. Gürüz presents a detailed history of open universities established in the UK, the USA, India, Cyprus, Thailand, and in other various parts of the world and profit they make over the years.

Chapter 5 presents the globalization and internalization of higher education in the Greco-Roman and Muslim worlds, in the medieval times, and in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This chapter also deals with the recently emerged rationales of the modern American universities that are driving the international higher education in the US and across the globe. The author also mentions the Bologna process, a commitment by ministers responsible for higher education from European countries. …