Analysis on Influencing Factors of Community Safety Culture Based on the Structural Equation Model

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to research community safety culture building train of thought through the analysis of the influence factors of community safety culture, This study employs a Likert scale method for the design of questionnaire, investigate community through questionnaire, obtain the relevant data, and by use of the structural equation model (SEM) of statistics, puts forward that the factors including economy, society, education, since and technology, and management form important influence factors on community safety culture. Thus we should take comprehensive measures from the above aspects in the community safety culture construction.

Key words: Structural equation model; Community; Safety culture

INTRODUCTION

With a wide range of community carry out safety community construction, community safety culture construction is also increasingly attracted people's much more attention. Experts of China's safety culture circle define safety culture as "safety culture is the summation of all kinds of material products created and the ideological fields in order to maintain safety by human in social development process; it is the summation of the spirit, idea, behavior and material products created in safety production and safety life; it is the summation of safety value and safety behavior standards; it is the culture to protect the people's physical and mental health, respect for human life, realize the value of human being" (Department of policy and regulations of State Production Safety Supervision and Administration, 2002) Community safety culture is a special safety culture image reflected by community organizations and residents in production, life in the association of culture. It includes the following five aspects: community safety idea, community material safety, community safety management, and community safety behavior and community safety image.

Community is the basic unit of society life, the construction of community culture constitutes the foundation of social culture, and the construction of community safety culture is the foundation of the construction of entire social safety culture. Our country is a natural disaster-prone country, various natural disasters and emergencies have posed great threat on the production and living of community residents. Domestic and international safety construction practice shows that community safety culture construction should constitute the core content of community construction. It not only relates to community residents' health, life and happiness, but also relates to the security of society wealth, relates to social harmony and stability.

Community safety culture cultivation is directly subject to the influence of various factors, including: economic factors, social factors, since and technological factors, educational factors, and management factors. This article will conduct community safety influence factors analysis on the basis of structural equation model.

1. SUMMARY OF STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODEL

SEM is a multivariate technique combining aspects of factor analysis and multiple regressions, it uses structural parameter to illustrate the connection relation between different variables, it provides the constant describe variable causal invariance, it describes the relationship among observed variables, observable variables and latent variables, as well as the relationship among latent variables . SEM models consist of the measurement model and the structural model.

1.1 Measurement Model

It is also named confirmatory factor analysis model which represents the relationships between each observed variable and latent variable. Measurement model is composed by two regression equations stipulates respectively the regulations of the endogenous latent variables ? and endogenous observed variable Y, and exogenous latent variables ? and observation variables X, the model is as follows:

X=^ + ξ + (1)

Y=^ +ynξ+ε (2)

Among which ? …