Implementation of the Teaching of Arabic Language at the Faculty of Humanities, University of North Sumatra Indonesia

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study was aimed at identifying the implementation of language teaching especially the teaching of Arabic language at the Faculty of Humanities, University of North Sumatra Indonesia. In particular, it was also aimed at identifying the implementation of the techniques, practices and frequency of the usage of teaching and learning aids in the classroom. This research utilised the survey method where a sample of 91 students from the Faculty of Humanities, University of North Sumatra were involved. The study used questionnaires which were distributed to the student respondents to examine their evaluation toward the implementation of the teaching and learning of Arabic at the Faculty of Humanities. Data analysis used in this study comprised of descriptive statistics, namely frequency, mean and standard deviation by using SPSS version 18. The findings showed that the overall total for each research question in relation to the implementation of teaching and learning techniques from the perspective of the students was moderate (m = 3.13). The results also showed that the implementation of teaching and learning of Arabic in the classroom from the perspective of the students was also high (m = 3.52). The findings also demonstrated that the frequency of the use of teaching and learning aids in the classroom from the perspective of the students was low (m = 1.78). This study recommends that the lecturers need to have positive attitude toward learning and teaching techniques and implement the teaching and learning of Arabic using a more effective technique. In addition, the lecturers should also attempt to solve the problems faced in the teaching and learning of the Arabic language through a creative, innovative and effective use of instructional technology so that the students' Arabic language proficiency can be improved. Therefore, the latest teaching and learning techniques such as e-learning and mobile learning should be applied in the teaching and learning of Arabic at the Faculty of Humanities, University of North Sumatra, apart from improving the techniques and the frequency of usage of the existing techniques. This application will further strengthen and enhance proficiency in the language especially the mastery of the Arabic language among the students.

Keywords: faculty of humanities, implementation of the teaching of Arabic, teaching and learning in the classroom, instructional technology

1. Introduction

Arabic is an important language for the Muslim community because it is a language that is used a lot by the Muslim community, particularly in worship. This can be seen through the use of Arabic in the rituals of worship in Islam such as in prayers, pilgrimage and various other religious activities of the Muslims.

Teaching technique is an art that is constantly changing according to changes of time and place. It is a process or a way to deliver a piece of knowledge or skill to others that is carried out systematically. According to Abd. Halim et al. (2004), teaching method is a connecting or motivating tool of a two-way direction between the teacher and the students who are constantly interacting with and influencing each other. On the other hand, Zulkifli Din (2007) explained that teaching technique is not a static activity and it will not end at any specific level, but will continue to develop according to the suitability of a student's level of thinking, time and place, and that no one single technique can be considered appropriate in delivering knowledge as it will change in relation to the learning objectives to be achieved.

In the context of education, not many educational innovations that may lead to improvements in the existing process of the Arabic language education have been found. Nevertheless, the current world trend is rapid globalization which is in line with the fast diffusion of information. Therefore, according to Tilaar (1999), this has resulted in an educational process that is none other than merely a ritual. …