The Inspector General Act of 1978 is the legal foundation of the IG community It created more than 60 iGs in federal agencies and gave them wide authority to conduct audits, investigations and inspections in their agencies. The purpose of the IGs is:
to promote economy, efficiency and effectiveness and
to prevent and detect fraud and abuse.
The act gives the IGs independence by providing for separate administrative authority, direct reporting to Congress and protection against removal.
Three types of IGs were created by the act establishment, designated federal entity and federal entity
Establishment IGs are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.
To remove an IG, the President must give the reasons to both houses of Congress. There are establishment IGs in the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, the Interior, Justice, Labor, State, Transportation, the Treasury and Veterans Affairs; the Agency for International Development, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the General Services Administration; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Office of Personnel Management, the Railroad Retirement Board, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Small Business Administration, the Social Security Administration, the United States Information Agency and the Corporation for National and Community Service.
IGs of designated federal entities are appointed by the head of their agency To remove an IG, the head of the agency must give the reasons to both houses of Congress. IGs of designated federal entities have most of the same duties, responsibilities and powers as …