New Approaches to Poverty Analysis and Policy. A Contribution to the World Summit for Social Development

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New approaches to poverty analysis and policy. A contribution to the World Summit for Social Development. I: The poverty agenda and the ILO: Issues for research and action. Edited by Gerry Rodgers. Geneva, International Institute for Labour Studies, 1995. vi + 202 pp. Bibliography, annex. 27.50 Swiss francs. ISBN 92-9014-536-6.

II: Reducing poverty through labour market policies. Edited by Jose B. Figueiredo and Zafar Shaheed. Geneva, International Institute for Labour Studies, 1995. vi + 154 pp. Figures, tables, bibliography. 22.50 Swiss francs. ISBN 92-9014-535-8. III: The poverty agenda: Trends and policy options. Edited by Gerry Rodgers and Rolph van der Hoeven. Geneva, International Institute for Labour Studies, 1995. vi + 205 pp. Tables, bibliography. 30 Swiss francs. ISBN 92-9014-569-2.

The growth in number of the poor is forcing the poverty issue back onto the policy agenda, especially as poverty is increasingly perceived as related to politically visible social problems such as endemic violence in many cities, numerous groups of children vulnerable to abuse and marginalization, the pressure of migration on infrastructure and growing social tension. This series of three monographs is based on a symposium on poverty held at the ILO in Geneva in November 1993.

Monograph I focuses on the ILO's approach to poverty, as determined by the fight against poverty and for social justice which lies at the heart of all the Organization's concerns. It comprises a description and critical evaluation of the relevant research and action programmes of the Organization, covering areas such as employment, social security, labour regulations and industrial relations.

The presence at the symposium of a large number of top specialists from the academic community, the ILO and other international organizations concerned with social issues generated intense debates, the most interesting of which are summarized in two chapters of this monograph. The first chapter shows the convergence of opinions on the performance and adequacy of the ILO's policy against poverty: But it also contains arguments for the aggregation of new issues which are perceived to be crucial in the fight against poverty. The second chapter covers other debates which have helped to identify key elements for future action by the ILO against poverty, notably by arguing in favour of greater coordination between such actions and of a more detailed analysis of the links between employment, unemployment and poverty. The last two chapters are devoted to questions of research and information on poverty: the first through a is review and the establishment of priorities for the aspects of poverty which need further exploration; the second through a bibliography in the form of an annotated list of ILO publications on poverty, starting in 1919.

Labour market institutions and social security systems are the major mechanisms and instruments in the fight against poverty. …