Shorter Reviews and Notices -- Scripture within Scripture: The Interrelationship of Form and Function in the Explicit Old Testament Citations in the Gospel of John (SBL Dis. Series 133) by Bruce G. Schuchard

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SCRIPTURE WITHIN SCRIPTURE: THE INTERRELATIONSHIP OF FORM AND FUNCTION IN THE EXPLICIT OLD TESTAMENT CITATIONS IN THE GOSPEL OF JOHN, by Bruce G. Schuchard. SBL Dis. Series 133. Scholars Press, Atlanta, 1992. 174 pp. $24.95. ISBN 1-55540-712-9.

This Union Seminary of Virginia Dissertation leaps into the stormy discussion of the Fourth Gospel's use of Hebrew scripture and leads the discussion significantly forward. Following M. J. J. Menken, Schuchard proposes that the distinctiveness of the Johannine citations is due to the evangelist's adaptation of scripture to suit the thematic emphases of the Gospel.

For each of thirteen explicit citations Schuchard examines the Johannine context for the citation, the cited passage, and scholarly hypotheses regarding the tradition behind the citation. The heart of his endeavor is his inquiry into the relationship between the form of the citation and the function it is assigned in the Johannine passage. The citation's form is the result of the role the evangelist wished it to play in a specific context. Through his diligent efforts, Schuchard finds that, while the fourth evangelist most consistently uses adaptations of the Old Greek, the citations are frequently shortened and revised through the use of synonyms in order to make them "complement both the immediate Gospel contexts in which they appear and the context of John's Gospel as a whole" (p. …