Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology

Article excerpt

Described as "the first multidisciplinary book on international property rights (IPRs) in an age of explosive growth in science and technology," this volume is based on the proceedings of a 1992 meeting at the National Academy of Sciences, convened to examine "Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology." The volume offers an update on current international IPR negotiations, and includes case studies on software, computer chips, optoelectronics, and biotechnology--areas characterized by high development cost and easy reproducibility. The volume covers: modern economic theory as a basis for approaching international IPRs; U.S. intellectual property practices Versus those in Japan, India, the European Community, and the developing and the newly industrializing countries; trends in science and technology and how they affect IPRs; and the pros and cons of a uniform international IPR regime versus a system reflecting national differences.

After an analysis in Chapter 2 of the economic theory and historical development of intellectual property rights by economic historian Paul David, the remainder of the volume is divided into five major sections. Section II presenting the basic cases for and against a uniform, world-wide system of intellectual property rights. As success in the global economy turns increasingly on access to information and technical know-how, there are few areas in which the differences in approach between rich and poor countries are more clearly exemplified. …