State Power and Multinational Oil Corporations: The Political Economy of Market Intervention in Canada and Japan

Article excerpt

CANADA

Takamichi Mito

Fukuoka: Kyushu University Press, 2001, 293pp, Yen 8,000, ISBN 4-87378-659-2

Ever since 1973, Japan has been Canada's second largest trading partner after the United States. Despite Japan's importance for Canada, not much has been written in either English or Japanese about Canada-Japan relations, especially in the form of rigorous comparative studies. The most obvious exception is Michael Fry, et al, The North Pacific Triangle: The United States, Japan, and Canada at Century's End (University of Toronto Press 1998), which deals extensively with Canada-United States and Japan-United States dyads and thereby describes various aspects of the Canada-United States-Japan triangular relationship.

To help fill this academic void, Mito's comprehensive treatment of Canadian and Japanese government-business relations is most welcome. Mito reviews the major approaches (the liberal-pluralist, Marxist, power elite, and statist) to the analysis of state power and autonomy in oil sectors of Canada and Japan between 1961 and 1980. Not being fully satisfied with any of the four, he devises an alternative research strategy for a statist analysis and comes up with nine ideal types of state categorized by state-society 'influence' and 'autonomy,' a la Stephen Krasner's Defending the National Interest. …