Henry de Montherlant

Montherlant, Henri de

Henri de Montherlant (äNrē´ də môNtĕrläN´), 1896–1972, French writer. His novels are decadent and egotistical and glorify force and masculinity. Montherlant fought in World War I and was later an athlete and a bullfighter. Among his novels are Les Bestiaires (1926, tr. The Bullfighters, 1927), Les Célibataires (1934, tr. The Bachelors, 1960), the series of four novels Les Jeunes Filles (1936–40; tr. Pity for Women, 1937, Costals & the Hippogriff, 1940, The Girls, 1968), Chaos et la nuit (1963, tr. Chaos and Night, 1964), and Les Garçons (1969). Montherlant's plays, all very successful, include Le Maître de Santiago (1947, tr. 1951), Port-Royal (1954), Don Juan (1958), Le Cardinal d'Espagne (1960), and La Guerre civile (1965, tr. 1967 in Theatre of War).

See biography by L. Becker (1970); study by R. J. Golsan (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Master of Santiago: And Four Other Plays
Henry de Montherlant.
Knopf, 1951
The French Theater since 1930: Six Contemporary Full-Length Plays
Oreste F. Pucciani.
Ginn, 1954
Librarian’s tip: "La Reine Morte" by Henry de Montherlant begins on p. 201
The Search for Modern Tragedy: Aesthetic Fascism in Italy and France
Mary Ann Frese Witt.
Cornell University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Five "Aesthetic Fascism and French Modern Tragedy under the German Occupation: Montherlant and Anouilh"
Writing Marginality in Modern French Literature: From Loti to Genet
Edward J. Hughes.
Cambridge University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Three "Claiming Cultural Dissidence: The Case of Montherlant's La Rose de Sable"
The Contemporary French Theatre: The Flight from Naturalism
Joseph Chiari.
Camelot Press, 1958
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 10 "Henry de Montherlant"
Dionysus in Paris: A Guide to Contemporary French Theater
Wallace Fowlie.
Meridian Books, 1960
Librarian’s tip: "Montherlant (1896-)" begins on p. 89
Encyclopedia of the Essay
Tracy Chevalier.
Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Montherlant, Henry de: French, 1896-1972" begins on p. 574
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