Gordon Craig (Edward Gordon Craig)

Craig, Edward Gordon

Edward Gordon Craig, 1872–1966, English scene designer, producer, and actor. The son of Ellen Terry, Gordon Craig began acting with Henry Irving's Lyceum company (1885–97). Feeling that the realism in vogue was too limiting, he turned to scene design and developed new theories. He strove for the poetic and suggestive in his designs in order to capture the essential spirit of the play. His ideas gave new freedom to scene design, although many were impractical in execution. Among his notable productions were The Vikings and Much Ado about Nothing (both in 1903 for Ellen Terry) and Hamlet (with the Moscow Art Theatre in 1912). At Florence, Italy, he founded (1913) the Gordon Craig School for the Art of the Theatre; he also edited a magazine, The Mask (1908–29). He wrote On the Art of the Theatre (1911, rev. ed. 1957), The Theatre Advancing (1921), Scene (1923), and biographies of Henry Irving (1930) and Ellen Terry (1931).

See his memoirs (1957); biographies by his son Edward Craig (1968) and by C. Innes (1983); I. Eynat-Confino, Beyond the Mask: Edward Gordon Craig, Movement, and the Actor (1987); M. Holroyd, A Strange Eventful History (2009).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Index to the Story of My Days: Some Memoirs of Edward Gordon Craig, 1872-1907
Edward Gordon Craig.
Viking Press, 1957
FREE! On the Art of the Theatre
Edward Gordon Craig.
William Heinemann, 1911
FREE! The Theatre--Advancing
Edward Gordon Craig.
Little, Brown & Company, 1919
Henry Irving
Edward Gordon Craig.
Longmans, Green and Co., 1930
Beyond the Mask: Gordon Craig, Movement, and the Actor
Irène Eynat-Confino.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1987
Edward Gordon Craig: Designs for the Theatre
Janet Leeper.
Penguin Books, 1948
Gordon Craig's Moscow Hamlet: A Reconstruction
Laurence Senelick.
Greenwood Press, 1982
Directors on Directing: A Source Book of the Modern Theater
Toby Cole; Helen Krich Chinoy.
Bobbs-Merrill, 1963 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Gordon Craig" begins on p. 147
The Director and the Stage: From Naturalism to Grotowski
Edward Braun.
Holmes & Meier, 1982
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Edward Gordon Craig"
Stage Decoration
Sheldon Cheney.
The John Day Company, 1928
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VII "Visions of a Different Theatre: Craig and Appia"
Edward Gordon Craig and Japanese Theatre
Lee, Sang-Kyong.
Asian Theatre Journal, Vol. 17, No. 2, Fall 2000
Puppets and "Popular" Culture
Scott Cutler Shershow.
Cornell University Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Edward Gordon Craig begins on p. 194
Twentieth-Century Theatre: A Sourcebook
Richard Drain.
Routledge, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Gordon Craig"
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