Oz Series (by L. Frank Baum)

Baum, L. Frank

L. Frank Baum (Lyman Frank Baum) (bôm), 1856–1919, American journalist, playwright, and author of children's stories, b. Chittenango, N.Y. He and his family moved to South Dakota in 1888, where he ran a newspaper, and to Chicago in 1891, where he worked as a journalist. At various times, he also worked as an actor, playwright, shop owner, and salesman. His first children's book, Mother Goose in Prose (1897), was followed by Father Goose: His Book (1899), which was an immediate best seller. In 1900 he published his most famous work, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, a story about a little girl carried by a tornado to the magical land of Oz. Baum's dramatization of the book was produced in 1902; the story was made into a popular motion picture in 1938. Although he wrote more than 70 children's books, Baum's fame rests largely on The Wizard and his 13 other stories of Oz, including Ozma of Oz (1907) and The Scarecrow of Oz (1915), all of which emphasize practicality, self-reliance, tolerance, egalitarianism, and other attributes regarded as American virtues.

See M. P. Hearn, ed., The Annotated Wizard of Oz (1973, upd. ed. 2000); biographies by K. M. Rogers (2002) and R. Loncraine (2009); E. I. Schwartz, Finding Oz: How L. Frank Baum Discovered the Great American Story (2009).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

FREE! The Magic of Oz
L. Frank Baum; John R. Neill.
Reilly & Lee, 1919
Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz
L. Frank Baum; John R. Neill.
Books of Wonder; William Morrow, 1990
FREE! The Tin Woodman of Oz
L. Frank Baum; John R. Neill.
The Reilly & Lee, 1918
FREE! Ozma of Oz
L. Frank Baum; John R. Neill.
Scholastic Book Service, 1907
FREE! The Patchwork Girl of Oz
L. Frank Baum; John R. Neill.
Reilly & Lee, 1913
The Witch Must Die: The Hidden Meaning of Fairy Tales
Sheldon Cashdan.
Basic Books, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Inside Oz"
Trickster in the Land of Dreams
Zeese Papanikolas.
University of Nebraska Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Includes "The Road to Oz"
The Fantasy Tradition in American Literature: From Irving to Le Guin
Brian Attebery.
Indiana University Press, 1980
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Oz"
Utopian Tension in L. Frank Baum's Oz(*)
Karp, Andrew.
Utopian Studies, Spring 1998
The Natural History of Make-Believe: A Guide to the Principal Works of Britain, Europe, and America
John Goldthwaite.
Oxford University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Includes "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz"
Margaret Atwood's Fairy-Tale Sexual Politics
Sharon Rose Wilson.
University Press of Mississippi, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Regrowing Touch in Life before Man, 'The Girl without Hands,' and The Wizard of Oz"
The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature
Humphrey Carpenter; Mari Prichard.
Oxford University Press, 1999
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