Raymond Chandler

Chandler, Raymond Thornton

Raymond Thornton Chandler, 1888–1959, American author, b. Chicago, educated in England. After World War I, he entered the oil business in California. Bankrupt during the Depression, he published his first of many detective stories in The Black Mask magazine (1933). His novels include The Big Sleep (1939), Farewell My Lovely (1940), The High Window (1942), and Playback (1958). Well plotted and brutally realistic, Chandler's novels depict the seedy lowlife of Los Angeles. They all feature Philip Marlowe, a hard-boiled yet honorable private detective with a brash sense of humor who became the prototype for the tough guy private eye of many subsequent American detective novels. Chandler also wrote screenplays and essays.

See his collected early works, ed. by M. J. Bruccoli, Chandler before Marlowe (2d ed. 1973); Stories and Early Novels (1995) and Later Novels and Other Writings (1995), both ed. by F. MacShane; his letters, ed. by F. MacShane (1981), The Raymond Chandler Papers: Selected Letters and Nonfiction, 1909–1959 (2001), ed. by T. Hiney and F. MacShane; biographies by F. MacShane (1976, repr. 1986) and T. Hiney (1997); studies by J. Speir (1981) and W. Marling (1986).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

A Reader's Guide to Raymond Chandler
Toby Widdicombe.
Greenwood Press, 2001
Which Way Did He Go? The Private Eye in Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Chester Himes, and Ross MacDonald
Edward Margolies.
Holmes & Meier, 1982
The Blue Dahlia: A Screenplay
Raymond Chandler; Matthew J. Bruccoli.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1976
Class, Labor, and the Home-Front Detective: Hammett, Chandler, Woolrich, and the Dissident Lawman (and Woman) in 1940s Hollywood and Beyond
Broe, Dennis.
Social Justice, Vol. 32, No. 2, Summer 2005
A Matter of Disguise: Locating the Self in Raymond Chandler's 'The Big Sleep' and 'The Long Goodbye.'
Routledge, Christopher.
Studies in the Novel, Vol. 29, No. 1, Spring 1997
Down These Mean Streets a Man Must Go: Raymond Chandler's Knight
Philip Durham.
University of North Carolina Press, 1963
Tycoons and Locusts: A Regional Look at Hollywood Fiction of the 1930s
Walter Wells.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1973
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Grey Knight in the Great Wrong Place"
Film Adaptation and the Censors: 1940s Hollywood and Raymond Chandler
Athanasourelis, John Paul.
Studies in the Novel, Vol. 35, No. 3, Fall 2003
Raymond Chandler and the Art of the Hollywood Novel: Individualism and Populism in the Little Sister
Rhodes, Chip.
Studies in the Novel, Vol. 33, No. 1, Spring 2001
Shades of Noir: A Reader
Joan Copjec.
Verso, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "The Synoptic Chandler"
"Nothing You Can't Fix": Screening Marlowe's Masculinity
Abbott, Megan E.
Studies in the Novel, Vol. 35, No. 3, Fall 2003
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