Fanny Burney

Fanny Burney, later Madame D'Arblay (därblā´), 1752–1840, English novelist, daughter of Charles Burney, the composer, organist, and music scholar. Although she received no formal education, she read prodigiously and had the benefit of conversation with her father's famous friends, including David Garrick, Sir Joshua Reynolds, and Samuel Crisp. Her first novel and best-known book, Evelina (1778), was published anonymously, but she soon acknowledged its authorship and achieved literary prominence. She became an intimate friend of Samuel Johnson and his circle. Her second novel, Cecilia, appeared in 1782, Camilla in 1796, and The Wanderer in 1814. The theme of Burney's books is the entry into society of a virtuous but inexperienced young girl, her mistakes, and her gradual coming of age. She spent five unhappy years (1786–91) as a member of Queen Charlotte's household. In 1793 she married General D'Arblay, a French émigré. Her voluminous journals and letters give an excellent account of English culture and society from 1768 to 1840.

See biographies by E. Hahn (1950) and C. Harman (2001); studies by M. E. Adelstein (1969), T. G. Wallace, ed. (1984), and K. Straub (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The History of Fanny Burney
Joyce Hemlow.
Clarendon Press, 1958
Cecilia, Or, Memoirs of An Heiress
Peter Sabor; Margaret Anne Doody; Francis Burney.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Camilla, Or, a Picture of Youth
Fanny Burney; Edward A. Bloom; Lillian D. Bloom.
University of Oxford, 1999
FREE! Fanny Burney: (Madame D'Arblay)
Austin Dobson.
The Macmillan Company, 1903
A Degree of Prudery: A Biography of Fanny Burney
Emily Hahn.
Doubleday, 1950
Be Loved No More: The Life and Environment of Fanny Burney
Arthur Bernon Tourtellot.
Houghton Mifflin Company, 1938
Nobody's Story: The Vanishing Acts of Women Writers in the Marketplace, 1670-1820
Catherine Gallagher.
Clarendon Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Nobody's Debt Frances Burney's Universal Obligation"
The Columbia History of the British Novel
John J. Richetti; John Bender; Deirdre David; Michael Seidel.
Columbia University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Frances Burney and the Rise of the Woman Novelist" begins on p. 199
The Fame Machine: Book Reviewing and Eighteenth-Century Literary Careers
Frank Donoghue.
Stanford University, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Fanny Burney begins on p. 169
Romance, Poetry, and Surgical Sleep: Literature Influences Medicine
Sherwin B. Nuland.
Greenwood Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "Preanesthesia: Literary Accounts" begins on pg. 4
The Early Journals and Letters of Fanny Burney
Lars E. Troide; Stewart J. Cooke.
Clarendon Press, 1994
FREE! Critical & Historical Essays
Thomas Babington Macaulay.
J. M. Dent & Sons, vol.2, 1907
Librarian’s tip: "Madame D'Arblay: (January 1843)" begins on p. 563
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