Mikhail Sholokhov

Sholokhov, Mikhail Aleksandrovich

Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov (mēkhəyĕl´ əlyĬksän´drəvĬch shô´ləkhŏf), 1905–84, Russian novelist. Sholokhov won international fame for an epic novel of his native land, The Silent Don (4 vol., 1928–40; tr. in 2 vol., And Quiet Flows the Don, 1934, and The Don Flows Home to the Sea, 1941). The work, which won a Stalin Prize in 1941, describes the effect of World War I, the revolution, and the civil war on the lives of the Don Cossacks. A propagandistic novel, Virgin Soil Upturned, deals with the collectivization of agriculture; it won a Lenin Prize in 1960. Its first volume is Seeds of Tomorrow (1932–33, tr. 1959), and the second is Harvest on the Don (1960, tr. 1960). Sholokhov was awarded the 1965 Nobel Prize in Literature, being the first officially sanctioned Soviet laureate.

See E. J. Simmons, Russian Fiction and Soviet Ideology; studies by D. H. Stewart (1967) and M. Klimenko (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Harvest on the Don
Mikhail Sholokhov; H. C. Stevens.
Knopf, 1961
Russian Literature since the Revolution
Joshua Kunitz.
Boni and Gaer, 1948
Librarian’s tip: "Seeds of Tomorrow" by Mikhail Sholokhov begins on p. 465
Directions in Contemporary Literature
Philo M. Buck Jr.
Oxford University Press, 1942
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XII "The Marxian Formula" by Mikhail Sholokhov
Russian Fiction and Soviet Ideology: Introduction to Fedin, Leonov, and Sholokhov
Ernest J. Simmons.
Columbia University Press, 1958
Librarian’s tip: Includes section "Mikhail Sholokhov"
105 Greatest Living Authors Present the World's Best Stories, Humor, Drama, Biography, History, Essays, Poetry
Whit Burnett.
Dial Press, 1950
Librarian’s tip: "Mikhail Sholokhov" begins on p. 1029
Twentieth-Century Russian Literature
Harry T. Moore; Albert Parry.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1974
Librarian’s tip: "Babel, Sholokhov, Leonov" begins on p. 37
Think Back on Us: A Contemporary Chronicle of the 1930's
Henry Dan Piper; Malcolm Cowley.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1967
Librarian’s tip: "Sholokhov's 'Black Earth' " begins on p. 378
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