William Gilmore Simms

William Gilmore Simms, 1806–70, American novelist, b. Charleston, S.C. He wrote prolifically, both prose and poetry, but it is for his historical romances about his own state that he is remembered and often compared with James Fenimore Cooper. His tales of the Southern frontier include Guy Rivers (1834) and Beauchampe (1842; one part rewritten as Charlemont, 1856); those of colonial times are The Yemassee (1835) and The Cassique of Kiawah (1859); romances of Revolutionary times include a series—The Partisan (1835), Mellichampe (1836), and Katharine Walton (1851)—and The Forayers (1855) and its sequel, Eutaw (1856). He also wrote less successful novels of Spanish history. Besides continually writing fiction, he edited (1849–56) the Southern Quarterly Review and wrote local history and biographies of Francis Marion (1844), Nathanael Greene (1849), and others. His volumes of short stories are entitled Carl Werner (1838) and The Wigwam and the Cabin (two series, both 1845). His home and fortune were destroyed in the Civil War.

See biographies by W. P. Trent (1899, repr. 1968) and J. Guilds (1988); studies by J. Kibler, Jr. (1979) and M. A. Wimsatt (1989).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

From Nationalism to Secessionism: The Changing Fiction of William Gilmore Simms
Charles S. Watson; Jon L. Wakelyn.
Greenwood Press, 1993
William Gilmore Simms
J. V. Ridgely.
Twayne Publishers, 1962
FREE! William Gilmore Simms
William P. Trent.
Riverside Press, 1892
William Gilmore Simms as Literary Critic
Edd Winfield Parks.
University of Georgia Press, 1961
The Yemassee
William Gilmore Simms; Alexander Cowie.
American Book Company, 1937
FREE! The Life of Francis Marion
W. Gilmore Simms.
H.G. Langley, 1846
"Foolish Talk 'Bout Freedom": Simms's Vision of America in the Yemassee
King, Vincent.
Studies in the Novel, Vol. 35, No. 2, Summer 2003
Culture of Eloquence: Oratory and Reform in Antebellum America
James Perrin Warren.
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "William Gilmore Simms and the Necessity of Speech"
Antebellum Charleston Dramatists
Charles S. Watson.
University of Alabama, 1976
Librarian’s tip: Chap. V "William Gilmore Simms"
The Chief Glory of Every People: Essays on Classic American Writers
Matthew J. Bruccoli.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1973
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "William Gilmore Simms"
The Poetics of National and Racial Identity in Nineteenth-Century American Literature
John D. Kerkering.
Cambridge University Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Two "'Our Sacred Union,' 'Our Beloved Appalachia': Nation and Genius Loci in Hawthorne and Simms"
American Renaissance Poetry and the Topos of Positionality: Genius Mundi and Genius Loci in Walt Whitman and William Gilmore Simms
Kerkering, John D.
Victorian Poetry, Vol. 43, No. 2, Summer 2005
The Idea of a Southern Nation: Southern Nationalists and Southern Nationalism, 1830-1860
John McCardell.
W. W. Norton, 1979
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of William Gilmore Simms begins on p. 141
The South in American Literature, 1607-1900
Jay B. Hubbell.
Duke University Press, 1973
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of William Gilmore Simms begins on p. 572
William Gilmore Simms: Deviant Paradigms of Southern Womanhood?
Johanyak, Debra.
The Mississippi Quarterly, Vol. 46, No. 4, Fall 1993
William Gilmore Simms, Woodlands, and the Freedmen's Bureau
Singleton, Robert R.
The Mississippi Quarterly, Vol. 50, No. 1, Winter 1996
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