Marble Faun

Faulkner, William

William Faulkner, 1897–1962, American novelist, b. New Albany, Miss., one of the great American writers of the 20th cent. Born into an old Southern family named Falkner, he changed the spelling of his last name to Faulkner when he published his first book, a collection of poems entitled The Marble Faun, in 1924. Faulkner trained in Canada as a cadet pilot in the Royal Air Force in 1918, attended the Univ. of Mississippi in 1919–20, and lived in Paris briefly in 1925. In 1931 he bought a pre–Civil War mansion, "Rowanoak," in Oxford, Miss., where he lived, a virtual recluse, for the rest of his life. As a writer Faulkner's primary concern was to probe his own region, the deep South. Most of his novels are set in Yoknapatawpha county, an imaginary area in Mississippi with a colorful history and a richly varied population. The county is a microcosm of the South as a whole, and Faulkner's novels examine the effects of the dissolution of traditional values and authority on all levels of Southern society. One of his primary themes is the abuse of blacks by the Southern whites. Because Faulkner's novels treat the decay and anguish of the South since the Civil War, they abound in violent and sordid events. But they are grounded in a profound and compassionate humanism that celebrates the tragedy, energy, and humor of ordinary human life. The master of a rhetorical, highly symbolic style, Faulkner was also a brilliant literary technician, making frequent use of convoluted time sequences and of the stream of consciousness technique. He was awarded the 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature. His best-known novels are The Sound and the Fury (1929), As I Lay Dying (1930), Sanctuary (1931), Light in August (1932), Absalom, Absalom! (1936), The Unvanquished (1938), The Hamlet (1940), Intruder in the Dust (1948), Requiem for a Nun (1951), A Fable (1954; Pulitzer Prize), The Town (1957), The Mansion (1959), and The Reivers (1962; Pulitzer Prize). In addition to novels Faulkner published several volumes of short stories including These 13 (1931), Go Down, Moses (1942), Knight's Gambit (1949), and Big Woods (1955); and collections of essays and poems.

See the reminiscences of his brother, John (1963); biographies by H. H. Waggoner (1959), J. Blotner (2 vol., 1974, repr. 1984), and P. Weinstein (2009); studies by R. P. Adams (1968), L. G. Leary (1973), and J. W. Reed, Jr. (1973); F. J. Hoffman and O. W. Vickery, ed., William Faulkner: Three Decades of Criticism (1960); J. N. Duvall, ed., Faulkner and His Critics (2010).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

FREE! The Marble Faun, Or, The Romance of Monte Beni
Nathaniel Hawthorne; Katharine Lee Bates.
T. Y. Crowell, vol.1, 1902
High Resolution: Critical Theory and the Problem of Literacy
Henry S. Sussman.
Oxford University Press, 1989
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "The Marble Faun and the Space of American Letters"
The Complex Fate: Hawthorne, Henry James and Some Other American Writers
Marius Bewley.
Chatto and Windus, 1952
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "'The Marble Faun' and 'The Wings of the Dove'"
'Villette' and 'The Marble Faun.'
Wills, Jack C.
Studies in the Novel, Vol. 25, No. 3, Fall 1993
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Miriam and the Conversion of the Jews in Nathaniel Hawthorne's the Marble Faun
Kolich, Augustus M.
Studies in the Novel, Vol. 33, No. 4, Winter 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Marble Mother: Hawthorne's Iconographies of the Feminine
Onderdonk, Todd.
Studies in American Fiction, Vol. 31, No. 1, Spring 2003
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Choice of Innocence: Hilda in 'The Marble Faun.'
Schiller, Emily.
Studies in the Novel, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1994
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
"A Frail Structure of Our Own Rearing": The Value(s) of Home in the Marble Faun
Sterling, Laurie A.
ATQ (The American Transcendental Quarterly), Vol. 14, No. 2, June 2000
Storied Cities: Literary Imaginings of Florence, Venice, and Rome
Michael L. Ross.
Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 16 "Pearls and Carbuncles: The Marble Faun"
American Madonna: Images of the Divine Woman in Literary Culture
John Gatta.
Oxford University Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "The New England Maiden and the Fallen Goddess of The Marble Faun" begins on p. 26
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