Lu Xun

Lu Xun or Lu Hsün (both: lōō´shün´), 1881–1936, Chinese writer, pen name of Chou Shu-jen. In 1902, he traveled to Japan on a government scholarship, eventually enrolling at Sendai Medical School. Troubled by what he saw as China's spiritual malaise, he soon abandoned medicine to pursue literature. He returned to China, where he published translations of Western works and held a post in the ministry of education. During the period 1918–26, he wrote 25 highly influential stories in vernacular Chinese. His works include "The Diary of a Madman" (1918), written in the voice of a man believing he is held captive by cannibals; "The True Story of Ah Q" (1921–22), the chronicle of a peasant who views personal failure as success even up to his execution, exposing the elitism of the 1911 republican revolution and a tendency to ignore grim realities; and "The New Year's Sacrifice" (1924), which portrays oppression of women. From 1926, Lu wrote satirical essays and served as head of the League of Leftwing Writers.

See translations by G. and H. Yang (4 vol., 1956–60) and W. A. Lyell (1990); studies by T. A. Hsia (1968), W. A. Lyell (1976), V. I. Semanov (1980), and L. O. Lee (1987).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Selected Works of Lu Hsun
Hsun Lu.
Foreign Languages Press, vol.1, 1956
Selected Works of Lu Hsun
Gladys Yang; Hsun Lu; Hsien-yi Yang.
Foreign Languages Press, vol.2, 1957
Selected Works of Lu Hsun
Hsien-yi Yang; Gladys Yang; Hsun Lu.
Foreign Languages Press, vol.3, 1959
Selected Works of Lu Hsun
Hsien-yi Yang; Gladys Yang; Hsun Lu.
Foreign Languages Press, vol.4, 1960
Selected Stories of Lu Hsun
Hsun Lu.
Foreign Languages Press, 1954 (3rd edition)
Lu Hsün and His Predecessors
V. I. Semanov; Charles J. Alber; Charles J. Alber.
M. E. Sharpe, 1980
Children's Literature in China: From Lu Xun to Mao Zedong
Mary Ann Farquhar.
M. E. Sharpe, 1999
Translingual Practice: Literature, National Culture, and Translated Modernity--China, 1900-1937
Lydia H. Liu.
Stanford University Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Translating National Character: Lu Xun and Arthur Smith"
Ideology, Power, Text: Self-Representation and the Peasant "Other" in Modern Chinese Literature
Yi-Tsi Mei Feuerwerker.
Stanford University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Lu Xun and the Crisis of the Writing Self"
The Chinese Language: Fact and Fantasy
John Defrancis.
University of Hawaii Press, 1986
Librarian’s tip: "Lu Xun and Latinization" begins on p. 248
Masterworks of Asian Literature in Comparative Perspective: A Guide for Teaching
Barbara Stoler Miller.
M.E. Sharpe, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "The Stories of Lu Xun" begins on p. 309
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