Georg Lukacs

Lukács, György

György Lukács (dyör´dyə lōō´käch), 1885–1971, Hungarian writer, one of the foremost modern literary critics. Converted to Communism in 1918, Lukács served (1919) in the cabinet of Béla Kun. On Kun's fall he fled and lived in Berlin until the rise of Hitler, when he went to the Soviet Union. In 1945 he returned to Hungary, became professor of aesthetics at Budapest, and was important in the Communist party and in national intellectual life. He was attacked for his sympathy for Western literature as expressed in The Destruction of Reason (1954), and after the Hungarian revolution he was stripped of political importance. Lukács' powerful criticism combines Marxist social theory with aesthetic sensibility, flexibility, and humanism. His central theme, expounded in History and Class Consciousness (1923, tr. 1971), is the link between creative works and the social struggle. His works include studies on Goethe (1947, tr. 1969), Hegel (1948), Lenin (1970), and Solzhenitsyn (1970, tr. 1971) as well as on Marxism and literary values. His other writings include The Historical Novel (1955, tr. 1962) and his outstanding Studies in European Realism (1946, tr. 1950). His Political Writings, 1919–1929 was translated in 1972.

See studies by G. Lichtheim (1970) and E. Bahn and R. G. Kunzer (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Young Lukacs
Lee Congdon.
University of North Carolina Press, 1983
Lukacs and Brecht
David Pike.
University of North Carolina Press, 1985
Four Critics: Croce, Valery, Lukacs, and Ingarden
RenÉ Wellek.
University of Washington Press, 1981
Ulysses, Capitalism and Colonialism: Reading Joyce after the Cold War
M. Keith Booker.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "History Is to Blame: Ulysses, Lukacs, and the Historical Novel"
The Wager of Lucien Goldmann: Tragedy, Dialectics, and a Hidden God
Mitchell Cohen.
Princeton University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Lukacs, Marxism, and Method"
Kierkegaard and Philosophy: Selected Essays
Alastair Hannay.
Routledge, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 15 "Two Ways of Coming Back to Reality"
Existential Marxism in Postwar France: From Sartre to Althusser
Mark Poster.
Princeton University Press, 1975
Revisionism: Essays on the History of Marxist Ideas
Leopold Labedz.
Frederick A. Praeger, 1962
The Revolt of the Mind: A Case History of Intellectual Resistance behind the Iron Curtain
Tamas Aczel; Tibor Meray.
Frederick A. Praeger, 1959
Max Weber's Political Sociology: A Pessimistic Vision of a Rationalized World
Ronald M. Glassman; Vatro Murvar.
Greenwood Press, 1984
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The Weber-Lukcas Encounter"
Antonio Gramsci: Beyond Marxism and Postmodernism
Renate Holub.
Routledge, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "To Realism Farewell: Gramsci, Lukacs and Marxist Aesthetics"
Heidegger and Marcuse: The Catastrophe and Redemption of History
Andrew Feenberg.
Routledge, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Interlude with Lukacs"
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator