Countee Cullen

Countee Cullen (koun´tē´), 1903–46, American poet, b. New York City, grad. New York Univ. 1925, M.A. Harvard, 1926. A major writer of the Harlem Renaissance—a flowering of black artistic and literary talent in the 1920s—Cullen wrote poetry inspired by American black life. His technique was conventional, modeled on that of John Keats, and his mood passed from racial pride and optimism in the 1920s to sadness and disappointment in the 1930s. Among his volumes of verse are Color (1925), Copper Sun (1927), The Ballad of the Brown Girl (1927), and On These I Stand (1947).

See biographies by A. R. Chucard (1984) and C. Molesworth (2012); bibliography by M. Penny (1971).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

In a Minor Chord: Three Afro-American Writers and Their Search for Identity
Darwin T. Turner.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1971
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Countee Cullen: The Lost Ariel"
Harlem Renaissance Re-Examined
Victor A. Kramer; Robert A. Russ.
Whitston, 1997 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Countee Cullen: A Key to the Puzzle" begins on p. 239
Negro Caravan
Sterling A. Brown; Arthur P. Davis; Ulysses Lee.
Dryden Press, 1941
Librarian’s tip: Poems by Countee Cullen begin on p. 357
Black American Poets and Dramatists of the Harlem Renaissance
Harold Bloom.
Chelsea House, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "Countee Cullen" begins on p. 31
In My Flesh Shall I See God: Ritual Violence and Racial Redemption in "The Black Christ"
Whitted, Qiana.
African American Review, Vol. 38, No. 3, Fall 2004
"The Singing Man Who Must Be Reckoned With": Private Desire and Public Responsibility in the Poetry of Countee Cullen
African American Review, Vol. 34, No. 4, Winter 2000
The Negro Genius: A New Appraisal of the Achievement of the American Negro in Literature and the Fine Arts
Benjamin Brawley.
Biblio and Tannen Publishers, 1966
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "Protest and Vindication: W.E. Burghardt DuBois, William Stanley Braithwaite, James Weldon Johnson, Leslie Pinckney Hill, Alice Dunbar Nelson, Georgia Douglas Johnson, Walter White, Jessie Fauset, Countee Cullen, Alain Locke"
The New Red Negro: The Literary Left and African American Poetry, 1930-1946
James Edward Smethurst.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Conclusion: Countee Cullen and the End of the New Negro Renaissance" begins on p. 141
The Afro-American Novel and Its Tradition
Bernard W. Bell.
University of Massachusetts Press, 1989
Librarian’s tip: "Countee Porter Cullen (1903-46)" begins on p. 133
To Make a Poet Black
J. Saunders Redding.
McGrath Publishing, 1968
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Countee Cullen begins on p. 108
African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Emmanuel S. Nelson.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Countee Cullen (1903-1946)" begins on p. 88
Cullen, Keats, and the Privileged Liar
Goldweber, David E.
Papers on Language & Literature, Vol. 38, No. 1, Winter 2002
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