Arthur Hugh Clough

Arthur Hugh Clough (klŭf), 1819–61, English poet. He was educated at Rugby and Balliol College, Oxford, where he became friends with Matthew Arnold. After graduation (1841) he was fellow and tutor of Oriel College until 1848 when he resigned. During the next few years he traveled on the Continent. In 1852, inspired by his friendship with Emerson, he went to Harvard and lectured. He pursued a civil service career until his health failed in 1860. His first published work, The Bothie of Toper-na-Vuolich, a narrative in hexameters, appeared in 1848, followed by Ambarvalia, a collection of lyrics, in 1849. His posthumous poems include "Amours de Voyage," the dialogues "Dypsichus," and the tales "Mari Magno." He is perhaps best known for the short lyric, "Say not the struggle naught availeth," and as the subject of Arnold's elegy, "Thyrsis." Skeptical, somewhat cynical, Clough was closer in spirit to the 20th cent. than to the 19th. His poetry reveals not only his doubts about religion and about himself but also his awareness of the social and intellectual problems of his day. Clough's sister, Anne Jemima Clough, 1820–92, was important as a leader in the education of women.

See his complete poems (ed. by H. F. Lowry et al., 1951); his letters (ed. by F. L. Mulhauser, 1974); biography by K. C. Chorley (1962); studies by W. E. Houghton (1963), E. B. Greenberger (1970), and R. K. Biswas (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Arthur Hugh Clough: The Uncommitted Mind: a Study of His Life and Poetry
Katharine Chorley.
Clarendon Press, 1962
Arthur Hugh Clough
Isobel Armstrong.
Longmans, Green & Co., 1962
Arthur Hugh Clough: The Critical Heritage
Michael Thorpe.
Routledge, 1995
The Doctor's Disciples: A Study of Four Pupils of Arnold of Rugby: Stanley, Gell, Clough, William Arnold
Frances J. Woodward.
Oxford University Press, 1954
Why Clough? Why Now?
Ryan, Vanessa.
Victorian Poetry, Vol. 41, No. 4, Winter 2003
Lionel Johnson and Arthur Hugh Clough: An Ironic Debt?
Paterson, Gary H.
Victorian Poetry, Vol. 40, No. 3, Fall 2002
Victorian Culture Wars: Alexander Smith, Arthur Hugh Clough, and Matthew Arnold in 1853
Harrison, Antony H.
Victorian Poetry, Vol. 42, No. 4, Winter 2004
Spasmodic Poetics and Clough's Apostasies
LaPorte, Charles.
Victorian Poetry, Vol. 42, No. 4, Winter 2004
Where "Byron Used to Ride": Locating the Victorian Travel Poet in Clough's Amours De Voyage and Dipsychus
Kierstead, Christopher M.
Philological Quarterly, Vol. 77, No. 4, Fall 1998
FREE! Portraits of Friends
John Campbell Shairp.
Houghton Mifflin, 1889
Librarian’s tip: "Arthur Hugh Clough" begins on p. 195
Florence Nightingale: An Introduction to Her Life and Family
Lynn McDonald; Florence Nightingale.
Wilfrid Laurier University Press, vol.1, 2001
Librarian’s tip: "Blanche Smith, Arthur Hugh Clough and Arthur Clough" begins on p. 841
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