Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Elizabeth Barrett Browning, 1806–61, English poet, b. Durham. A delicate and precocious child, she spent a great part of her early life in a state of semi-invalidism. She read voraciously—philosophy, history, literature—and she wrote verse. In 1838 the Barrett family moved to 50 Wimpole St., London. Six years later Elizabeth published Poems, which brought her immediate fame. The volume was a favorite of the poet Robert Browning, and he began to correspond with her. The two fell in love, but their courtship was secret because of the opposition of Elizabeth's tyrannical father. They married in 1846 and traveled to Italy, where most of their married life was spent and where their one son was born. Mrs. Browning threw herself into the cause of Italian liberation from Austria. "Casa Guidi," their home in Florence, is preserved as a memorial. Happy in her marriage, Mrs. Browning recovered her health in Italy, and her work as a poet gained in strength and significance. Her greatest poetry, Sonnets from the Portuguese (1850), was inspired by her own love story. Casa Guidi Windows (1851), on Italian liberty, and Aurora Leigh (1857), a novel in verse, followed. During her lifetime Mrs. Browning was considered a better poet than her husband. Today her life and personality excite more interest than her work. Although as a poet she has been criticized for diffuseness, pedantry, and sentimentality, she reveals in such poems as "The Cry of the Children" and some of the Sonnets from the Portuguese a highly individual gift for lyric poetry.

Bibliography

See The Letters of Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, 1845–46 (1899, new ed. 1930); R. Besier, The Barretts of Wimpole Street (1930), the most popular dramatization of the Brownings' love story; biographies by G. B. Taplin (1957), I. C. Clarke (1929, repr. 1970), and M. Forster (1989); The Courtship of Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning (1985) by D. Karlin; studies by H. Cooper (1988) and G. Stephenson (1989); bibliography by W. Barnes (1967).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Aurora Leigh
Elizabeth Barrett Browning; Kerry McSweeney.
Oxford University Press, 1993
FREE! Sonnets from the Portuguese
Elizabeth Barrett Browning.
Barse & Hopkins, 1910
FREE! The Poems of Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Elizabeth Barrett Browning.
Frederick Warne, 1893
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Louise Schutz Boas.
Longmans, Green, 1930
The Life of Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Gardner B. Taplin.
Yale University Press, 1957
Barrett Browning's Poetic Vocation: Crying, Singing, Breathing
Dillon, Steve.
Victorian Poetry, Vol. 39, No. 4, Winter 2001
Love Lost and Found - the Lives of Elizabeth and Robert Browning
Timko, Michael.
The World and I, Vol. 17, No. 10, October 2002
"In Silence like to Death": Elizabeth Barrett's Sonnet Turn
Billone, Amy.
Victorian Poetry, Vol. 39, No. 4, Winter 2001
Aurora Leigh as Paradigm of Domestic-Professional Fiction
Schatz, Sueann.
Philological Quarterly, Vol. 79, No. 1, Winter 2000
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Women's Poetry and Religion in Victorian England: Jewish Identity and Christian Culture
Cynthia Scheinberg.
Cambridge University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Elizabeth Barrett Browning and the 'Hebraic Monster'"
Desiring Voices: Women Sonneteers and Petrarchism
Mary B. Moore.
Southern Illinois University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Indeterminacy and the Economy of Love in Sonnets from the Portuguese"
The Foreign Woman in British Literature: Exotics, Aliens, and Outsiders
Marilyn Demarest Button; Toni Reed.
Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Challenging Traditionalist Gender Roles: The Exotic Woman as Critical Observer in Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Aurora Leigh"
The Family of the Barrett: A Colonial Romance
Jeannette Marks.
The Macmillan Company, 1938
The Brownings
Osbert Burdett.
Houghton Mifflin, 1929
FREE! The Letters of Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Frederic G. Kenyon.
Macmillan, vol.1, 1897
FREE! The Letters of Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Frederic G. Kenyon.
The Macmillan Company, vol.2, 1897
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