Aldous Huxley

Huxley, Aldous Leonard

Aldous Leonard Huxley, 1894–1963, English author; grandson of Thomas Henry Huxley, brother of Sir Julian Huxley, and half-brother of Sir Andrew Huxley. Educated at Eton and Oxford, he traveled widely and during the 1920s lived in Italy. He came to the United States in the 1937 and settled in California. On the verge of blindness from the time he was 16, Huxley devoted much time and energy in an effort to improve his vision. He began his literary career writing critical essays and symbolist poetry, but he soon turned to the novel. Crome Yellow (1921), Antic Hay (1923), Those Barren Leaves (1925), and Point Counter Point (1928) are brittle, skeptical pictures of a decadent society. Brave New World (1932), the most popular of his novels, presents a nightmarish, dystopian civilization in the 25th cent. It was followed by Eyeless in Gaza (1936), After Many a Summer Dies the Swan (1939), Ape and Essence (1948), The Devils of Loudon (1952), and The Genius and the Goddess (1955). Marked by an exuberance of ideas and comic invention, his novels reflect, with increasing cynicism, his disgust and disillusionment with the modern world. His later writings, however, reveal a strong interest in mysticism and Eastern philosophy. His fascination with mind-expansion and experimentation with LSD prompted the writing of The Doors of Perception (1954), a long essay extremely popular in the drug-oriented 1960s and still one of his most-read books. Huxley's other works include collections of short stories, of which Mortal Coils (1922) is representative, and essays, including End and Means (1937) and Brave New World Revisited (1958).

See R. S. Baker and J. Sexton, ed., Complete Essays (6 vol., 2000–2002); memoir by his wife, L. A. Huxley (1968); J. Sexton, ed., Aldous Huxley: Selected Letters (2007); biographies by S. Bedford (2 vol., 1973–74), G. A. Nance (1989), and N. Murray (2003); studies by P. Thody (1973), K. M. May (1973), G. Cockshott (1980), P. E. Firchow (1984), and M. Schubert (1986); R. W. Clark, The Huxleys (1968).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Aldous Huxley's Americanization of the Brave New World typescript.(Critical Essay)
Meckier, Jerome.
Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 48, No. 4, Winter 2002
No Place Else: Explorations in Utopian and Dystopian Fiction
Eric S. Rabkin; Martin H. Greenberg; Joseph D. Olander.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1983
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "On Brave New World"
The Genius and the Goddess: A Novel
Aldous Huxley.
Harper & Brothers, 1955
After Many a Summer Dies the Swan
Aldous Huxley.
Harper & Brothers, 1939
The Perennial Philosophy
Aldous Huxley.
Chatto and Windus, 1946
Color and Light: Huxley's Pathway to Spiritual Reality
Paulsell, Sally A.
Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 41, No. 1, Spring 1995
I Am the Other: Literary Negotiations of Human Cloning
Maria Aline Salgueiro Seabra Ferreira.
Praeger, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "'The Malediction of the Clones': Huxley, Mitchison, and Haldane"
Transformations of Language in Modern Dystopias
David W. Sisk.
Greenwood Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Plus 'Parfaite' et Moins Libre"
Dystopian Literature: A Theory and Research Guide
M. Keith Booker.
Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Aldous Huxley: Brave New World (1932)" begins on p. 171
Classic Cult Fiction: A Companion to Popular Cult Literature
Thomas Reed Whissen.
Greenwood Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: "Brave New World, Aldous Huxley" begins on p. 37
Power of Images/Images of Power in Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty-Four
Varricchio, Mario.
Utopian Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1, Winter 1999
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Provocations of Lenina in Huxley's Brave New World
Higdon, David Leon.
International Fiction Review, Vol. 29, No. 1-2, January 2002
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Choosing Utopia: An Existential Reading of Aldous Huxley's Island *
MacDonald, Alex.
Utopian Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2, Spring 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Underestimation of Politics in Green Utopias: The Description of Politics in Huxley's Island, le Guin's the Dispossessed, and Callenbach's Ecotopia
Mathisen, Werner Christie.
Utopian Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1, Winter 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Huxley's Feelies: The Cinema of Sensation in Brave New World
Frost, Laura.
Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 52, No. 4, Winter 2006
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