J. R. R. Tolkien

J. R. R. Tolkien: (John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl´kēn, tōl´–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.

See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

A Tolkien Compass
Jared Lobdell.
Open Court, 2003
Tolkien's Legendarium: Essays on the History of Middle-Earth
Verlyn Flieger; Carl E. Hostetter.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Tolkien's World of the Rings: Language, Religion and Adventure
Jared Lobdell.
Open Court, 2003
J.R.R. Tolkien and His Literary Resonances: Views of Middle-Earth
George Clark; Daniel Timmons.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Ents, Elves, and Eriador: The Environmental Vision of J.R.R. Tolkien
Matthew Dickerson; Jonathan Evans.
University Press of Kentucky, 2006
The Battle for Middle-Earth: Tolkien's Divine Design in Lord of the Rings
Fleming Rutledge.
William B. Eerdmans, 2003
Unsung Heroes of the Lord of the Rings: From the Page to the Screen
Lynnette R. Porter.
Praeger, 2005
Tolkien's Females and the Defining of Power
Enright, Nancy.
Renascence: Essays on Values in Literature, Vol. 59, No. 2, Winter 2007
The Great War and Tolkien's Memory: An Examination of World War I Themes in the Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings
Croft, Janet Brennan.
Mythlore, Vol. 23, No. 4, Fall-Winter 2002
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
J. R. R. Tolkien: Six Decades of Criticism
Judith A. Johnson.
Greenwood Press, 1986
A Question of Time: J.R.R. Tolkien's Road to Faerie
Verlyn Flieger.
Kent State University Press, 1997
Tolkien the Medievalist
Jane Chance.
Routledge, 2003
The Rise of Tolkienian Fantasy
Jared Lobdell.
Open Court, 2005
Shadows of Imagination: The Fantasies of C. S. Lewis, J. R. R. Tolkien, and Charles Williams
Mark R. Hillegas.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1979 (New edition)
The Lord of the Rings and Philosophy: One Book to Rule Them All
Gregory Bassham; Eric Bronson.
Open Court, 2003
From Hobbits to Hollywood: Essays on Peter Jackson's Lord of the Rings
Ernest Mathijs; Murray Pomerance.
Rodopi, 2006
"Mad" Elves and "Elusive Beauty": Some Celtic Strands of Tolkien's Mythology [1]
Fimi, Dimitra.
Folklore, Vol. 117, No. 2, August 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
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