Chretien de Troyes

Chrétien de Troyes

Chrétien de Troyes or Chrestien de Troyes (both: krātyăN´ də trwä), fl. 1170, French poet, author of the first great literary treatments of the Arthurian legend. His narrative romances, composed c.1170–c.1185 in octosyllabic rhymed couplets, include Érec et Énide; Cligès; Lancelot, le chevalier de la charette; Yvain, le chevalier au lion; and Perceval, le conte del Graal, unfinished (see Parsifal). Chrétien drew on popular legend and history, and imbued his romances with the ideals of chivalry current at the 12th-century court of Marie de Champagne, to which he was attached. His other surviving works include imitations of Ovid and Guillaume d'Angleterre, a non-Arthurian narrative. Translations of the Arthurian romances are included in W. W. Comfort's edition (1913) and in R. S. and L. H. Loomis, Medieval Romances (1957).

See L. T. Ropsfield, Chrétien de Troyes: A Study of the Arthurian Romances (1981); J. Frappier, Chretién de Troyes: The Man and His Work (1982); N. J. Lacy et al., ed., The Legacy of Chrétien de Troyes (2 vol., 1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Lancelot, or, the Knight of the Cart
Chrétien de Troyes; Ruth Harwood Cline.
University of Georgia Press, 1990
The Unholy Grail: A Social Reading of Chraetien de Troyes's Conte Du Graal
Brigitte Cazelles.
Stanford University, 1996
Ovid's Medieval Metamorphosis: Techniques of Persuasion in Chretien De Troyes' Philomena
Casebier, Karen.
Philological Quarterly, Vol. 80, No. 4, Fall 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Representations of Women in Chretien's 'Erec et Enide': Courtly Literature or Misogyny?
Ramey, Lynn Tarte.
The Romanic Review, Vol. 84, No. 4, November 1993
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Love That Dares Not Speak Its Name: Displacing and Silencing the Shame of Adultery in le Chevalier De la Charrete
Prior, Sandra Pierson.
The Romanic Review, Vol. 97, No. 2, March 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Shaping Romance: Interpretation, Truth, and Closure in Twelfth-Century French Fictions
Matilda Tomaryn Bruckner.
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "A Case for Mis en Abyme: Chretien's Chevalier de la Charrate"
A Companion to the Lancelot-Grail Cycle
Carol Dover.
D.S. Brewer, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Redefining the Center: Verse and Prose Charrete"
The Challenge of the Medieval Text: Studies in Genre and Interpretation
W. T. H. Jackson; Joan M. Ferrante; Robert W. Hanning.
Columbia University Press, 1985
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "Problems of Communication in the Romances of Chretien de Troyes"
The Development of Arthurian Romance
Roger Sherman Loomis.
Hutchinson University Library, 1963
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Chretien de Troyes"
The Mythographic Art: Classical Fable and the Rise of the Vernacular in Early France and England
Jane Chance.
University of Florida Press, 1990
Librarian’s tip: "From Mirror to Metamorphosis: Echoes of Ovid's Narcissus in Chretien's Erec et Enide" begins on p. 47
Fictions of Identity in Medieval France
Donald Maddox.
Cambridge University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Chretien de Troyes: Specularity and Crisis" begins on p. 83
Ravishing Maidens: Writing Rape in Medieval French Literature and Law
Kathryn Gravdal.
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "The Poetics of Rape Law: Chretien de Troyes's Arthurian Romance"
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