Alexandre Dumas pere

Dumas, Alexandre ( (Dumas père), 1802–70, French novelist and dramatist)

Alexandre Dumas (älĕksäN´drə dümä´), known as Dumas père (pĕr), 1802–70, French novelist and dramatist. His father, Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, was a general in the Revolution. Dumas delighted many generations of readers with his highly romantic novels immortalizing the adventures of the Three Musketeers and the Count of Monte Cristo. Largely self-educated, Dumas was a flamboyant youth with a gift for storytelling and a penchant for love affairs. At the age of 20 he obtained a minor post with the duc d'Orléans in Paris, and later he was active in the Revolution of 1830. His first successes were the historical dramas Henri III et sa cour (1829), Christine (1830), Antony (1831), and La Tour de Nesle (1832), notable for its evocation of the Middle Ages. After a number of novels, written independently or in collaboration, he produced his great triumphs, The Three Musketeers (1844, tr. 1846) and its sequels—Twenty Years After (1845, tr. 1846) and The Vicomte de Bragelonne (1848–50, tr. 1850?)—and The Count of Monte Cristo (1845, tr. 1846), which in its dramatic version was made famous by James O'Neill. Although these historical novels and their successors, written with the aid of numerous collaborators, especially Auguste Maquet, are scorned by critics, who find them lacking in style and characterization, they have had enormous popularity and have been translated into nearly every language. Among his other works are Queen Margot (1845, tr. 1845), The Lady of Monsoreau (1846, tr. 1847), The Forty-Five (1848), The Black Tulip (1850), and The Journal of Madame Giovanni (tr. 1944). Dumas père's incredible output of novels, travel works, memoirs, and historical studies made him wealthy, but he spent more than he earned on a horde of pensioners at his home, "Monte-Cristo," near Saint-Germain. His memoirs (1852–54) end with the year 1832. He was interested in Italian unification, and among his activities was a part in Garibaldi's expedition in 1860.

See studies by F. W. Hemmings (1980) and C. Schopp (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Titans: A Three-Generation Biography of the Dumas
André Maurois; Gerard Hopkins.
Harper & Brothers, 1957
FREE! The Three Musketeers
Alexandre Dumas; William Robson.
D. Appleton, 1901
The Count of Monte Cristo; or, The Reprisal of Edmond Dantes
Alexandre Dumas.
Mershon, 1928
The Black Tulip
Alexander Dumas; David Coward.
Oxford University Press, 1993
Revolution in the Theatre: French Romantic Theories of Drama
Barry V. Daniels.
Greenwood Press, 1983
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Alexandre Dumas, the Elder"
The Flower and the Castle: An Introduction to Modern Drama
Maurice Valency.
Macmillan, 1963
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Alexandre Dumas pere begins on p. 74
A History of the French Novel: (To the Close of the Nineteenth Century)
George Saintsbury.
MacMillan, vol.2, 1919
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "Dumas the Elder"
Literary Criticisms
Terence L. Connolly; Francis L. Thompson.
E. P. Dutton, 1948
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Alexandre Dumas pere begins on p. 392
Twenty Years After
Alexandre Dumas; David Coward.
Oxford University Press, 1998
The Vicomte de Bragelonne
Alexandre Dumas; David Coward.
Oxford University, 1998
Cyclopedia of World Authors
Frank N. Magill; Dayton Kohler.
Harper & Row, 1958
Librarian’s tip: "Alexandre Dumas pere" begins on p. 319
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