Eugene Ionesco

Ionesco, Eugène

Eugène Ionesco (özhĕn´ yŏnĕs´kō), 1912–94, French playwright, b. Romania. Settling in France in 1938, he contributed to Cahiers du Sud and began writing avant-garde plays. His works stress the absurdity both of bourgeois values and of the way of life that they dictate. They express the futility of human endeavor in a universe ruled by chance. His play La Cantatrice chauve (1950; tr. The Bald Soprano, 1965) was suggested by the idiotic phrases in an English language textbook; it has become an enormously popular classic of the theater of the absurd. Among Ionesco's other plays are La Leçon (1951), Les Chaises (1952), Victimes du devoir (1953), Le Nouveau locataire (1957), Tueur sans gages (1958), Rhinocéros (1959), Photo du colonel (1967), Le roi se meurt (1963), and Jeux de massacre (1970). He wrote about the theater in Notes and Counternotes (1962, tr. 1964); a memoir, Present Past, Past Present (1968, tr. 1971); and the novel The Hermit (1974). His plays are all available in English translation.

See studies by L. C. Pronko (1965), R. N. Coe (rev. ed. 1971), A. Lewis (1972), and M. Lazar (1982).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Playwrights and Acting: Acting Methodologies for Brecht, Ionesco, Pinter, and Shepard
James H. McTeague.
Greenwood Press, 1994
Rhinoceros, and Other Plays
Eugéne Ionesco; Derek Prouse.
Grove Press, 1960
Makers of the Modern Theater
Barry Ulanov.
McGraw-Hill, 1961
Librarian’s tip: "The Bald Soprano" by Eugene Ionesco begins on p. 601
Mythology: From Ancient to Post-Modern
Jürgen Kleist; Bruce A. Butterfield.
Peter Lang, 1992
Librarian’s tip: "The Modern 'Myth of Incommunicability' in Ionesco's Theater: The Chairs and The Bald Soprano" begins on p. 139
Symbolism, the Sacred, and the Arts
Mircea Eliade; Diane Apostolos-Cappadona.
Crossroad, 1985
Librarian’s tip: "Eugene Ionesco and 'The Nostalgia for Paradise'" begins on p. 164
The Conflict of Instincts in 'Le Roi Se Meurt.' (Drama)
Dolamore, C. E. J.
Journal of European Studies, Vol. 26, No. 1, March 1996
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Adam at Odds with Eve: Ionesco and the Woman's Mission
Dolamore, C. E. J.
Journal of European Studies, Vol. 23, No. 92, December 1993
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Between Myth and Reference: Puig and Ionesco
Issacharoff, Michael; Madrid, Lelia.
The Romanic Review, Vol. 87, No. 3, May 1996
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Staging the Impossible: The Fantastic Mode in Modern Drama
Patrick D. Murphy.
Greenwood Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Ionesco and L'insolite"
20th Century French Drama
David I. Grossvogel.
Columbia University Press, 1961
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Ionesco, Adamov, Beckett"
Avant Garde Theatre, 1892-1992
Christopher Innes.
Routledge, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "Eugene O'Neill - Eugene Ionesco - Sam Shepard" begins on p. 215
Dionysus in Paris: A Guide to Contemporary French Theater
Wallace Fowlie.
Meridian Books, 1960
Librarian’s tip: "Ionesco (1912-)" begins on p. 229
Reception and Renewal in Modern Spanish Theatre, 1939-1963
John London.
W. S. Maney & Son, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Eugene Ionesco" begins on p. 120
Great World Writers: Twentieth Century
Patrick M. O'Neil.
Marshall Cavendish, vol.5, 2004
Librarian’s tip: "Eugene Ionesco" p. 619-634
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