Romain Rolland

Romain Rolland (rômăN´ rôläN´), 1866–1944, French novelist, biographer, playwright, and musicologist. After studying in Paris he spent two crucial years in Rome, where he was influenced by German intellectuals. He wrote biographies of Beethoven (1903, tr. 1909), Michelangelo (1905, tr. 1915), Tolstoy (1911, tr. 1911), and Mahatma Gandhi (1924, tr. 1924). His 10-volume novel Jean-Christophe (1904–12, tr. 1910–13), established his reputation in the literary world. An example of the roman-fleuve, or continuous series of novels, it is a fictional biography of a German-born musician and a study of contemporary French and German civilization. Rolland was awarded the 1915 Nobel Prize in Literature. His genuine pacifistic philosophy and the courage of his convictions, reflected in Above the Battle (1915, tr. 1916), led to self-imposed exile in Switzerland, where he remained until 1938. Among his other works are the play The Wolves (1898, tr. 1937), inspired by the Dreyfus Affair; the seven-volume novel The Soul Enchanted (1922–33, tr. 1925–34); and a biography (1945) of Péguy. Journey Within (2d ed. 1959, tr. 1947) and Mémoires (1956) are autobiographical.

See biography by W. T. Starr (1972); study by H. March (1973).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Romain Rolland
R. A. Francis.
Berg, 1999
FREE! Above the Battle
Romain Rolland; C. K. Ogden.
Open Court Publishing Company, 1916 (2nd edition)
Journey Within
Romain Rolland; Elsie Pell.
Philosophical Library, 1947
French Thought in the Eighteenth Century: Rousseau, Voltaire, Diderot
Romain Rolland; Andre Maurois; Edouard Herriot.
David McKay, 1953
FREE! Jean-Christophe in Paris: the Market-Place, Antoinette, the House
Romain Rolland; Gilbert Cannan.
H. Holt, 1911
Goethe and Beethoven
Romain Rolland; G. A. Pfister; E. S. Kemp.
Harper & Brothers, 1931
The Music Lover's Handbook
Elie Siegmeister.
William Morrow, 1943
Librarian’s tip: "Georg Friedrich Handel" by Romain Rolland begins on p. 347 and "Ludwig van Beethoven" by Romain Rolland begins on p. 409
The Enigma of the Oceanic Feeling: Revisioning the Psychoanalytic Theory of Mysticism
William B. Parsons.
Oxford University Press, 1999
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