Maurice Maeterlinck

Maurice Maeterlinck (môrēs´ mätĕrlăNk´), 1862–1949, Belgian author who wrote in French. After practicing law unsuccessfully for several years, he went to Paris in 1897. He had already been touched by the influence of the symbolists and the mystical thought of Novalis and Emerson; his eventual 60-odd volumes can be read as a symbolist manifesto. Their suggestion of universal mystery, their insistence on ennui and impending doom affected the mood of a whole generation before World War I. Maeterlinck was awarded the 1911 Nobel Prize in Literature, but after 1920 his creative powers declined. His works include the short story "Le Massacre des innocents" (1886); the plays Les Aveugles (1891, tr. The Blind), Pelléas et Mélisande (1892), which inspired Debussy's opera (1902), Monna Vanna (1902), and L'Oiseau bleu (1909, tr. The Blue Bird), an allegorical fantasy for children that denies the reality of death; the essays La Vie des abeilles (1901, tr. The Life of the Bee) and L'Intelligence des fleurs (1907, tr. Life and Flowers); and poems.

See studies by A. Bailly (tr. 1974) and L. B. Konrad (1986).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

An Anthology of Belgian Symbolist Poets
Donald Flanell Friedman; Donald Flanell Friedman.
Peter Lang, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. III "Maurice Maeterlinck"
Archetype, Architecture, and the Writer
Bettina L. Knapp.
Indiana University Press, 1986
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Two "Maeterlinck: The Intruder and Interior: An Architectural Archetype of Introversion"
On Emerson and Other Essays
Maurice Maeterlinck; Montrose J. Moses.
Core Collection Books, 1978
FREE! Our Eternity
Maurice Maeterlinck; Alexander Teixeira De Mattos.
Dodd, Mead and Company, 1913
FREE! The Measure of the Hours
Maurice Maeterlinck; Alexander Teixeira De Mattos.
Dodd Mead and Company, 1907
FREE! Joyzelle; Monna Vanna
Maurice Maeterlinck.
Dodd, Mead and Company, 1907
FREE! The Unknown Guest
Maurice Maeterlinck; Alexander Teixeira De Mattos.
Dodd, Mead, 1915
FREE! Wisdom and Destiny
Maurice Maeterlinck; Alfred Sutro.
Dodd, Mead, 1899
FREE! The Wrack of the Storm
Maurice Maeterlinck; Alexander Teixeira De Mattos.
Dodd Mead and Company, 1916
The Process of Art: Essays on Nineteenth-Century French Literature, Music, and Painting in Honour of Alain Raitt
Mike Freeman; Elizabeth Fallaize; Jill Forbes; Toby Garfitt; Roger Pearson; Janis Spurlock.
Clarendon Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Shakespeare Ou Maeterlinck: Mallarme Reading Theater" begins on p. 82
FREE! Essays on Modern Dramatists
William Lyon Phelps.
Books for Libraries Press, 1921
Librarian’s tip: "Maurice Maeterlinck" begins on p. 179
An Outline of Contemporary Drama
Thomas H. Dickinson.
Houghton Mifflin, 1927
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Eleven "Maurice Maeterlinck"
Choir of Muses
Etienne Gilson; Maisie Ward.
Sheed and Ward, 1953
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Maurice Maeterlinck begins on p. 131
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