Federico Garcia Lorca

García Lorca, Federico

Federico García Lorca (fāŧħārē´kō gärthē´ä lôr´kä), 1898–1936, Spanish poet and dramatist, b. Fuente Vaqueros. The poetry, passion, and violence of his work and his own tragic and bloody death brought him enduring international acclaim. A joyous, versatile person, he was an accomplished musician and had an enormously original theatrical imagination. García Lorca's works combine the spirit and folklore of his native Andalusia with his very personal understanding of life. His first book, in prose, Impresiones y paisajes [impressions and landscapes] (1918), was followed by Libro de poemas (1921), written in the year he went to Madrid. Romancero gitano (1928; tr. Gypsy Ballads, 1953) made him the most popular Spanish poet of his generation. His celebrated Llanto por Ignacio Sánchez Mejías (1935; tr. Lament for the Death of a Bullfighter, 1937) and Poeta en Nueva York (1940; tr. The Poet in New York, 1955) are among his later poetry. Between 1927 and 1931 he wrote the plays La zapatera prodigiosa [the shoemaker's wonderful wife], Amor de don Perlimplín con Belisa en su jardín [love of Don Perlimplín and Belisa in his garden], and Retablillo de don Cristóbal [portrait of Don Cristóbal]. Under the Republic he directed and wrote for several theatrical groups. Doña Rosita la soltera [Doña Rosita the spinster] was staged in 1935. His plays, continually produced internationally, are Bodas de sangre (1938; tr. Blood Wedding, 1939), about a reluctant bride who elopes with her lover; Yerma (1934), the story of a woman who cannot bear being childless and kills her indifferent husband, and La Casa de Bernardo Alba (1936), in which a mother orders her frustrated daughter to mourn eight years for her dead father before marrying. García Lorca was shot by Franco's soldiers at the outbreak of the Spanish civil war.

See D. Gershator, ed., Selected Letters (1983), C. Maurer, ed., Sebastian's Arrows: Letters and Momentos of Salvador Dalí and Federico García Lorca (2004); biographies by E. Honig (rev. ed. 1969) and L. Stainton (1999); studies by R. C. Rupert (1972), F. Londre (1985), and I. Gibson (1989).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Theatre of Garcia Lorca
Robert Lima.
Las Americas, 1963
Three Tragedies of Federico Garcia Lorca: Blood Wedding, Yerma, Bernarda Alba
James Graham-Luján; Richard L. O'Connell; Federico Garcia Lorca.
New Directions, 1955
Modern Spanish Dramatists: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook
Mary Parker.
Greenwood Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "Federico Garcia Lorca" begins on p. 212
Lorca: An Appreciation of His Poetry
Roy Campbell.
Yale University Press, 1959
Six Masters of the Spanish Sonnet: Essays and Translations
Francisco de Quevedo; Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz; Antonio Machado; Federico Garcia Lorca; Jorge Borges Luis; Miguel Hernández; Willis Barnstone.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Federico Garcia Lorca, 1898-1936" p. 145
The Poetics of Apocalypse: Federico Garcia Lorca's Poet in New York
Martha J. Nandorfy.
Bucknell University Press, 2003
Lorca, Bunuel, Dali: Art and Theory
Manuel Delgado Morales; Alice J. Poust.
Bucknell University Press, 2001
Women in Twentieth-Century Literature: A Jungian View
Bettina L. Knapp.
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Federico Garica Lorca's Yerma: A Woman's Mystery"
The Deconstruction and Construction of Maternal Desire: 'Yerma' and 'Die Frau Ohne Schatten.'
Tubert, Silvia.
Mosaic (Winnipeg), Vol. 26, No. 3, Summer 1993
Cultural Encounters: European Travel Writing in the 1930s
Charles Burdett; Derek Duncan.
Berghahn Books, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Dramatic Encounters: Federico Garcia Lorca's Trip to Cuba (1930)"
Archetype, Architecture, and the Writer
Bettina L. Knapp.
Indiana University Press, 1986
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Six "Lorca: The House of Bernarda Alba: A Hermaphroditic Matriarchate"
Paradigms of Peripheral Modernity in Lorca and Yeats
Hart, Stephen.
The Modern Language Review, Vol. 102, No. 2, April 2007
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