J. D. Salinger

J. D. Salinger: (Jerome David Salinger) (săl´Ĭnjər), 1919–2010, American novelist and short-story writer, b. New York City. His considerable literary stature rests on a small but extremely influential body of work that is noted for its depiction of the loneliness and frustration of individuals caught in a world of banalities and restricting conformity. His most famous work and only novel, The Catcher in the Rye (1951), is a picaresque work that describes, in a vernacular first-person voice, the adventures of Holden Caulfield, a rebellious and alienated schoolboy at odds with society. It remains extremely popular, particularly among adolescents, who over the years have tended to view it as a testament to the purity and honesty of youth. Many of Salinger's sharply observed short stories concern the ex-vaudevillian parents and seven brilliant, quiz-show-star children of the Glass family, presented as sensitive, neurotic, and intelligent individuals in a crass, vulgar world. By the mid-20th cent. Salinger was hailed as one of America's great writers. Nonetheless, in 1953 he retreated from public life amd moved to a rural compound in Cornish, N.H. Becoming a kind of literary recluse, he increasingly shunned those who were interested in his writing and his life; in 1987 he won an injunction against a researcher who intended to publish excerpts of his letters. Collections of his stories, most of which, beginning in 1946, first appeared in the New Yorker, include Nine Stories (1953), Franny and Zooey (1961), Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters (1963), and Seymour, An Introduction (1963). His last story was published in the New Yorker in 1965.

See J. D. Salinger's Short Stories (2011), ed. by H. Bloom; memoirs by J. Maynard (1999) and M. A. Salinger, his daughter (2000); biographies by I. Hamilton (1989, rev. ed. 2000), P. Alexander (1999), and K. Slawenski (2011); studies by G. Rosen (1977), W. French (1988), J. Wenke (1991), K. Kotzen and T. Beller, ed. (2001), J. C. Unrue (2002), and H. Bloom, ed. (new ed. 2008).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Understanding The Catcher in the Rye: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents
Sanford Pinsker; Ann Pinsker.
Greenwood Press, 1999
J. D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye
Harold Bloom.
Chelsea House, 2000
Librarian’s tip: This is a book of literary criticism
Holden Caulfield
Harold Bloom.
Chelsea House, 1990
Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters, and Seymour: An Introduction
J. D. Salinger.
Little, Brown, 1959 (2nd edition)
The Fiction of J. D. Salinger
Frederick L. Gwynn; Joseph L. Blotner.
University of Pittsburgh Press, 1958
"The Holy Refusal": A Vedantic Interpretation of J.D. Salinger's Silence
Pattanaik, Dipti R.
MELUS, Vol. 23, No. 2, Summer 1998
Salinger's Nine Stories: Fifty Years Later
Smith, Dominic.
The Antioch Review, Vol. 61, No. 4, Fall 2003
The Columbia Companion to the Twentieth-Century American Short Story
Blanche H. Gelfant; Lawrence Graver.
Columbia University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "J. D. Salinger (1919-)" begins on p. 494
A Certain Morbidness: A View of American Literature
Edward Stone.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1969
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "J. D. Salinger"
A Library of Literary Criticism: Modern American Literature
Dorothy Nyren; Dorothy Nyren.
Frederick Ungar, 1960 (3rd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Salinger, J. D. (1919-)" begins on p. 414
Classic Cult Fiction: A Companion to Popular Cult Literature
Thomas Reed Whissen.
Greenwood Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: "The Catcher in the Rye: J. D. Salinger (1951)" begins on p. 47
Reclaiming Literature: A Teacher's Dilemma
William A. Glasser.
Praeger Publishers, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "The Catcher in the Rye" begins on p. 96
Opposing Censorship in the Public Schools: Religion, Morality, and Literature
June Edwards.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Religion and Morality in The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger"
The Burning Carousel and the Carnivalesque: Subversion and Transcendence at the Close of the Catcher in the Rye
Takeuchi, Yasuhiro.
Studies in the Novel, Vol. 34, No. 3, Fall 2002
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