J. Hector St. Jean de Crevecoeur (Michel Guillaume Jean de Crevecoeur)

Crèvecoeur, J. Hector St. John

J. Hector St. John Crèvecoeur (krĕvkör´), 1735–1813, American author and agriculturist, b. France as Michel Guillaume Jean de Crèvecoeur. It is believed that he served under Montcalm in Canada. After traveling in the Great Lakes region and in the Ohio valley and working as a surveyor in Pennsylvania, he settled (c.1769) on a farm in Orange co., N.Y., where he wrote Letters from an American Farmer (1782). Other letters, found in 1922, were published as Sketches of Eighteenth Century America (1925). The two books give outstanding descriptions of American rural life of the period. He wrote, over the signature Agricola, agricultural articles for American newspapers. He introduced the culture of European crops, notably alfalfa, into America and of the American potato into Normandy. As French consul in New York City (from 1783) he sought to improve commercial relations between France and the United States. He lived in France from 1790.

See biography by T. L. Philbrick (1970).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

FREE! Letters from An American Farmer
Hector St. John de Crevecoeur.
J. M. Dent & Sons; E. P. Dutton, 1912
Sketches of Eighteenth Century America: More 'Letters from An American Farmer'
Saint John De CrèveŒur; Henri L. Bourdin; Ralph H. Gabriel; Stanley T. Williams.
Yale University Press, 1925
Epistolary Bodies: Gender and Genre in the Eighteenth-Century Republic of Letters
Elizabeth Heckendorn Cook.
Stanford University, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Five "The End of Epistolarity 'Letters from an American Farmer'"
City and Country in America
David R. Weimer.
Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Chap. I "Early Ambiguities: J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur: Letters from an American Farmer"
The Lay of the Land: Metaphor as Experience and History in American Life and Letters
Annette Kolodny.
University of North Carolina Press, 1975
Librarian’s tip: "The Dubious Pleasures of an American Farmer: Crevecoeur's Letters and Sketches" begins on p. 52
In Search of America: Transatlantic Essays, 1951-1990
Marcus Cunliffe.
Greenwood Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Crevecoeur Revisited"
Democracy, Revolution, and Monarchism in Early American Literature
Paul Downes.
Cambridge University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Crevecoeur's Revolutionary Loyalism"
The Leader, the Led, and the Psyche: Essays in Psychohistory
Bruce Mazlish.
University Press of New England, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Thirteen "Crevecoeur's New World"
The Literature of the American People: An Historical and Critical Survey
Arthur Hobson Quinn.
Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1951
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Woolman, Crevecoeur, and the Romantic Vision of America"
Beyond Ethnicity: Consent and Descent in American Culture
Werner Sollors.
Oxford University Press, 1986
Librarian’s tip: "Crevecoeur, Pocahontas, and Fountain of Youth" begins on p. 75
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