Guillaume Apollinaire

Guillaume Apollinaire (gēyōm´ äpōlēnâr´), 1880–1918, French poet. He was christened Wilhelm Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky. Apollinaire was a leader in the restless period of technical innovation and experimentation in the arts during the early 20th cent. Influenced by the symbolist poets of the previous generation, he developed a casual, lyrical poetic style characterized by a blend of modern and traditional images and verse techniques. His best-known lyrical poems are collected in Alcools (1913) and Calligrammes (1918). A friend of many avant-garde artists, including Picasso and Braque, Apollinaire is credited with introducing cubism with his book Les Peintres cubistes (1913, tr. The Cubist Painters, 1949). Les Mamelles de Tirésias (1918), his only play, was one of the earliest examples of surrealism.

See biographies by F. Steegmuller (1963, repr. 1971) and M. Davies (1964); studies by L. C. Breunig (1969), K. Samaltanos (1984), T. Mathews (1988), and S. Bates (1967, rev. ed. 1989).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Banquet Years: The Arts in France, 1885-1918: Alfred Jarry, Henri Rousseau, Erik Satie, Guillaume Apollinaire
Roger Shattuck.
Harcourt Brace, 1958
The Cubist Painters: Aesthetic Meditations, 1913
Lionel Abel; Guillaume Apollinaire.
Wittenborn Schultz, 1949 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Phantom of the Clouds"
The Creative Experiment
C. M. Bowra.
MacMillan, 1949
Age of Surrealism
Wallace Fowlie.
Swallow Press, 1950
Toward the Poetics of Surrealism
J. H. Matthews.
Syracuse University Press, 1976
Librarian’s tip: "Guillaume Apollinaire" begins on pg. 53
Poetry in France: Metamorphoses of a Muse
Keith Aspley; Peter France.
Edinburgh University Press, 1992
The Art of Assemblage
William C. Seitz.
Museum of Modern Art, 1961
Librarian’s tip: "The Liberation of Words Guillaume Apollinaire" begins on pg. 14
A Reader's Guide to Fifty Modern European Poets
John Pilling.
Heinemann, 1982
20th Century French Drama
David I. Grossvogel.
Columbia University Press, 1961
Giorgio de Chirico
James Thrall Soby.
The Museum of Modern Art, 1955
Librarian’s tip: "Friendships in Paris; Guillaume Apollinaire" begins on pg. 44
A Gertrude Stein Companion: Content with the Example
Bruce Kellner.
Greenwood Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: "Guillaume Apollinaire" begins on pg. 144
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