Jean Anouilh

Jean Anouilh (zhäN änwē´yə), 1910–87, French dramatist. Anouilh's many popular plays range from tragedy to sophisticated comedy. His first play, L'hermine, was published in 1932. During the Nazi regime he wrote plays about resistance to oppression in terms of subjects from classical mythology; Antigone (1944, tr. 1946) is the most celebrated of these. Several of his later plays have contemporary and historical settings. Anouilh's works frequently contrast the worlds of romantic dreams and harsh reality. He has also written film scripts, one of which, Little Molière (1959) was successfully produced as a play. His later plays include The Waltz of the Toreadors (1952, tr. 1957), Poor Bitos (1958, tr. 1964), The Lark (1953, tr. 1955), Becket (1959, tr. 1960), The Rehearsal (1963), Dear Antoine (1969, tr. 1971), and The Navel (1981).

See studies by J. Harvey (1964), E. O. Marsh (1968), M. Archer (1971), B. A. Lenski (1973), H. G. McIntyre (1981), and C. N. Smith (1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

World Drama from Aeschylus to Anouilh
Allardyce Nicoll.
Harcourt Brace, 1950
Makers of the Modern Theater
Barry Ulanov.
McGraw-Hill, 1961
Librarian’s tip: "Antigone" by Jean Anouilh begins on p. 485
The French Theater since 1930: Six Contemporary Full-Length Plays
Oreste F. Pucciani.
Ginn, 1954
Librarian’s tip: "Le Voyageur Sans Bagage" by Jean Anouilh begins on p. 143
The Search for Modern Tragedy: Aesthetic Fascism in Italy and France
Mary Ann Frese Witt.
Cornell University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Five "Aesthetic Fascism and French Modern Tragedy under the German Occupation: Montherlant and Anouilh"
The Secret Cause: A Discussion of Tragedy
Normand Berlin.
University of Massachusetts Press, 1981
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Love: Sophocles' Antigone & Anouilh's Antigone"
The Contemporary French Theatre: The Flight from Naturalism
Joseph Chiari.
Camelot Press, 1958
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Jean Anouilh"
20th Century French Drama
David I. Grossvogel.
Columbia University Press, 1961
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Commercialism Reconsidered: Anouilh"
Drama from Ibsen to Eliot
Raymond Williams.
Oxford University Press, 1953
Librarian’s tip: "Jean Anouilh: A Comment" begins on p. 196
The Alienated Hero in Modern French Drama
Robert Emmet Jones.
University of Georgia Press, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jean Anouilh begins on p. 58
Dionysus in Paris: A Guide to Contemporary French Theater
Wallace Fowlie.
Meridian Books, 1960
Librarian’s tip: "Anouilh (1910-)" begins on p. 110
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