Stephane Mallarme

Mallarmé, Stéphane

Stéphane Mallarmé (stāfän´ mälärmā´), 1842–98, French poet. Mallarmé's great importance is as the chief forebear of the symbolists; many poets and other writers of the mid-1880s drew inspiration at the Tuesday evening gatherings where Mallarmé expounded his theories. He held that the poet should express the ideas of a transcendental world, that poetry should evoke thoughts through suggestion rather than description, and that it should approach the abstraction of music. Mallarmé's language defies traditional syntax and is frequently so obscure that it must be read with commentary. His best-known poems are Hérodiade (1869), L'Après-Midi d'un faune (1876; The Afternoon of a Faun), which inspired a composition by Debussy, and Un Coup de dés jamais n'abolira le hasard (1897; A Throw of the Dice Will Never Eliminate Chance). Editions of Mallarmé's poetry were published in 1887 and 1899, and a selection of prose, Divagations, in 1897. Mallarmé earned his living by teaching English. The influence of his poetry was particularly felt by Valéry.

See selected letters, ed. and tr. by R. Lloyd (1988); biography by A. France (1967); studies by T. A. Williams (1970), D. H. Morris (1977), M. Bowie (1982), L. W. Marvick (1986), and G. Robb (1996).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Selected Prose Poems, Essays, & Letters
Bradford Cook; Stephane Mallarme.
Johns Hopkins Press, 1956
Unfolding Mallarme: The Development of a Poetic Art
Roger Pearson.
Clarendon Press, 1996
Six French Poets of the Nineteenth Century: Lamartine, Hugo, Baudelaire, Verlaine, Rimbaud, Mallarme
E. H. Blackmore; A. M. Blackmore.
Oxford University Press, 2000
The Poem on the Edge of the Word: The Limits of Language and the Uses of Silence in the Poetry of Mallarme, Rilke, and Vallejo
Dianna C. Niebylski.
Peter Lang, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "Mallarme: Poetry as the Discourse of Absence" begins on p. 35
Remembering and the Sound of Words: Mallarme, Proust, Joyce, Beckett
Adam Piette.
Clarendon Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Mallarme and Poetic Prose: Le Demon et les Rimes Dissimules" p. 46
The Tuning of the Word: The Musico-Literary Poetics of the Symbolist Movement
David Michael Hertz.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Mallarme and Debussy"
Mallarme and the Madness of Obscurity
Strysick, Michael.
The Romanic Review, Vol. 85, No. 4, November 1994
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Ghosts of Modernity
Jean-Michel Rebaté.
University Press of Florida, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Mallarme's Crypts"
The Background of Modern French Poetry: Essays and Interviews
.
Unknown, 1951
Librarian’s tip: Chap. III "Poe, Baudelaire and Mallarme: A Problem of Literary Judgement"
Age of Surrealism
Wallace Fowlie.
Swallow Press, 1950
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IV "Mallarme the Myth"
Was Mallarme a Transcendental Philosopher?: The Place of Literature in the 'Divagations.' (Poet Stephane Mallarme)
Schwartz, Stephen Adam.
The Romanic Review, Vol. 89, No. 1, January 1998
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Space of Literature
Maurice Blanchot; Ann Smock.
University of Nebraska Press, 1982
Librarian’s tip: "Mallarme's Experience" begins p. 38
Dionysus in Paris: A Guide to Contemporary French Theater
Wallace Fowlie.
Meridian Books, 1960
Librarian’s tip: "Mallarme and the Aesthetics of Theater" begins on p. 265
The Process of Art: Essays on Nineteenth-Century French Literature, Music, and Painting in Honour of Alain Raitt
Mike Freeman; Elizabeth Fallaize; Jill Forbes; Toby Garfitt; Roger Pearson; Janis Spurlock.
Clarendon Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "'Shakespeare ou Maeterlinck': Mallarme Reading Theatre" begins on p. 82 and "Villiers, the Festschrift: Mallarme's Homage to Villiers de L'Isle Adam" begins on p. 35
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