Ted Hughes

Ted Hughes (Edward James Hughes), 1930–98, English poet, b. Mytholmyroyd, Yorkshire. Hughes's best poetry focuses on the unsentimental within nature. His poems are marked by controlled diction and style, which create a sense of order and meaning in violent or passionate natural events, often in the world of animals. His volumes of poetry include The Hawk in the Rain (1957), Lupercal (1960), Wodwo (1967), Crow (1971), Gaudete (1977), Moortown (1980, 1989), River (1984), and Wolfwatching (1991). From 1984 until his death Hughes was poet laureate of England. He also wrote fiction, plays, stories for children, and essays, e. g., those included in the large collection Winter Pollen (1995). In addition, he edited a number of books and translated such authors as Ovid (1997) and Aeschylus, Euripides, and Racine (all: 1999). Hughes was married (1956–63) to the American poet Sylvia Plath; he explored their complex relationship in Birthday Letters (1998), his last book of verse.

See C. Reid, ed., Letters of Ted Hughes (2008); biography by E. Feinstein (2002); J. Malcolm, The Silent Woman: Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes (1994); E. Tennant, Burnt Diaries (2001); E. Wagner, Ariel's Gift: Ted Hughes, Sylvia Plath, and the Story of Birthday Letters (2001); D. Midddlebrook, Her Husband: Hughes and Plath—A Marriage (2003); studies by K. Sagar, ed. (1975, 1983, 1994, and 2000), C. Robinson (1989), A. E. Dyson (1990), N. Bishop (1991), L. M. Scigaj (1992), P. Bentley (1998), and N. Gammage, ed. (1999).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Laughter of Foxes: A Study of Ted Hughes
Keith Sagar.
Liverpool University Press, 2000
The Earth-Owl and Other Moon-People
Ted Hughes.
Faber and Faber, 1963
The Silent Woman: Sylvia Plath & Ted Hughes
Janet Malcolm.
Alfred A. Knopf, 1994
Ted Hughes and Schopenhauer: The Poetry of the Will
Eddins, Dwight.
Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 45, No. 1, Spring 1999
English Studies in Transition: Papers from the Esse Inaugural Conference
Robert Clark; Piero Boitani.
Routledge, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 21 "Ted Hughes: Continuity and Transformations in the Act of Writing"
Contemporary British Poetry: Essays in Theory and Criticism
James Acheson; Romana Huk.
State University of New York Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Six "From Myth into History: The Later Poetry of Thom Gunn and Ted Hughes"
Broken English/Breaking English: A Study of Contemporary Poetries in English
Rob Jackaman.
Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: "Sylvia Plath (and Ted Hughes): A Question of Size" begins on p. 70
Englishness and National Culture
Antony Easthope.
Routledge, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Ted Hughes: Hawks Real and Symbolic" begins on p. 188
Poems in Their Place: The Intertextuality and Order of Poetic Collections
Neil Fraistat.
University of North Carolina Press, 1986
Librarian’s tip: "The Two Ariels: The (Re)Making of the Sylvia Plath Canon" begins on p. 308
The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Poetry in English
Ian Hamilton.
Oxford University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Hughes, Ted" begins on p. 241
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