Anton Bruckner

Anton Bruckner (än´tōn brŏŏk´nər), 1824–96, Austrian composer. He was appointed organist at the Linz cathedral in 1856 before becoming court organist in Vienna in 1868, where he later taught at the conservatory and university. He established a reputation as a virtuoso organist on trips to France in 1869 and to England in 1871, but as a composer he gained recognition slowly. Although he was influenced by the chromatic harmony and orchestral grandeur of Wagner's music, his work is marked by contrapuntal complexity and extended melodies, in the formal tradition of Beethoven and Schubert. His outstanding works are the Masses in D Minor (1864), in E Minor (1869), and F Minor (1872); a Te Deum (1886); and nine symphonies, of which the Fourth or Romantic (1881), the Eighth, or Apocalyptic (composed 1884–87), and the Ninth (composed 1891–96) are best known. He also wrote motets, cantatas, chamber music, piano and organ pieces, and pieces for male chorus.

See studies by H. F. Redlich (1955), E. Doernberg (1960, repr. 1968), and R. Simpson (Am. ed. 1968).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Anton Bruckner, Rustic Genius
Werner Wolff; Walter Damrosch.
E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc., 1942
Bruckner and Mahler
H. F. Redlich.
J. M. Dent and Sons, 1955
The Wind and Wind-Chorus Music of Anton Bruckner
Keith William Kinder.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Anton Bruckner, Symphony No. 8
Benjamin M. Korstvedt.
Cambridge University Press, 2000
From the Erotic to the Demonic: On Critical Musicology
Derek B. Scott.
Oxford University Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Lux in Tenebris: Bruckner and the Dialectic of Darkness and Light"
The Problems of Modern Music
Adolf Weissmann; M. M. Bozman.
J. M. Dent & Sons, 1925
Librarian’s tip: Chap. V "The Faith of Anton Bruckner"
Conductors on Composers
John L. Holmes.
Greenwood Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "Anton Bruckner (1824-1896)" begins on p. 55
Music Criticism in Vienna, 1896-1897: Critically Moving Forms
Sandra McColl.
Oxford University, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Bruckner" begins on p. 122
The World of Great Composers
David Ewen.
Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1962
Librarian’s tip: "Anton Bruckner 1824-1896" begins on p. 450
Romanticism (1830-1890)
Gerald Abraham.
Oxford University Press, 1990
Librarian’s tip: "Revitalization of Classical Forms: Bruckner" begins on p. 585
Legend of a Musical City
Max Graf.
Philosophical Library, 1945
Librarian’s tip: "Studies with Anton Bruckner" begins on p. 142
Palestrina and the German Romantic Imagination: Interpreting Historicism in Nineteenth-Century Music
James Garratt.
Cambridge University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "Liszt, Bruckner, and the Palestrina Revival" begins on p. 181
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