Andre Antoine and the Theatre Libre

Antoine, André

André Antoine (äNdrā´ äNtwän´), 1858–1943, French theatrical director, manager, and critic. In opposition to the teachings of the Paris Conservatory, he formed (1887) his own company, the Théâtre Libre. There he presented, by private subscriptions, foremost works of the naturalistic school. He emphasized an intimate style of acting and a realistic use of space and tried to eliminate grand posturing. Financial failure forced him to relinquish the theater (1894). In 1897 he founded the Théâtre Antoine, where he continued the tradition of his Théâtre Libre for 10 years. He was director (1906–14) of the Odéon in Paris and after World War I became a respected drama critic.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Antoine and the Théâtre-Libre
Samuel Montefiore Waxman.
Harvard University Press, 1926
The Reign of the Theatrical Director: French Theatre, 1887-1924
Bettina L. Knapp.
Whitston, 1988
Librarian’s tip: Part I "Andre Antoine -- The Theatre Libre (1887-1893)"
The Director and the Stage: From Naturalism to Grotowski
Edward Braun.
Holmes & Meier, 1982
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Antoine and the Theatre Libre"
Directors on Directing: A Source Book of the Modern Theater
Toby Cole; Helen Krich Chinoy.
Bobbs-Merrill, 1963 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Andre Antoine (1858-1943)" begins on p. 89
The Independent Theatre in Europe, 1887 to the Present
Anna Irene Miller.
Ray Long & Rihcard R. Smith, 1931
Librarian’s tip: Chap. III "Antoine and the Theatre Libre; Other Revolutionary French Theatres"
The Flower and the Castle: An Introduction to Modern Drama
Maurice Valency.
Macmillan, 1963
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Andre Antoine and the Theatre Libre begins on p. 108
On Stage: A History of Theatre
Vera Mowry Roberts.
Harper & Row, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 16 "Theatre's Great Revolution"
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