Gerhart Hauptmann

Gerhart Hauptmann (gĕr´härt houpt´män), 1862–1946, German dramatist, novelist, and poet. He showed the influence of the theories of Zola and the plays of Ibsen in his play Before Dawn (1889, tr. 1909), which inaugurated the naturalistic movement in the German theater and won overnight fame. His other realistic plays include the famous tragedy of the working class, The Weavers (1892, tr. 1899), the comedy The Beaver Coat (1893, tr. 1905), and the tragedies Drayman Henschel (1899, tr. 1913) and Rose Bernd (1903, tr. 1913). Responsive to changing moods in literature, Hauptmann reflected the trend away from naturalism with the dream play Hannele (1893, tr. 1894) and the popular romantic play The Sunken Bell (1897, tr. 1898). His prose works include the novel of a modern mystic, The Fool in Christ, Emanuel Quint (1910, tr. 1911) and The Heretic of Soana (1918, tr. 1923). Till Eulenspiegel (1928) is an epic of postwar Germany. A leading figure in German literature for three generations, Hauptmann received many honors, notably the 1912 Nobel Prize in Literature.

See study by P. Mellen (1983).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

From Goethe to Hauptmann: Studies in a Changing Culture
Camillo von Klenze.
Biblo and Tannen, 1966
FREE! The Dramatic Works of Gerhart Hauptmann
Ludwig Lewisohn; Gerhart Hauptmann.
B.W. Huebsch, vol.1, 1912
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Before Dawn," "The Weavers," "The Beaver Coat," and "The Conflagration"
International Modern Plays
August Strindberg; Gerhart Hauptmann; Josef Čapek; Jean Cocteau; Luigi Chiarelli; Karel Čapek.
Dutton, 1950
Librarian’s tip: "Hannele: A Dream Poem" by Gerhart Hauptmann begins on p. 53
Representative Continental Dramas: Revolutionary and Transitional
Montrose J. Moses.
Boston, Little, Brown, and Company, 1924
Librarian’s tip: "The Sunken Bell: A Fairy Play in Five Acts" by Gerhart Hauptmann begins on p. 143
FREE! Studies in Modern German Literature: Sudermann; Hauptmann; Women Writers of the Nineteenth Century
Otto Heller.
Ginn & Company, 1905
European Lyric Folkdrama: A Definition
Robert M. Farrington.
Peter Lang, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "The Special Case of Hauptmann's The Sunken Bell"
Essays on Twentieth-Century German Drama and Theater: An American Reception, 1977-1999
Hellmut Hal Rennert.
Peter Lang, 2004
Librarian’s tip: "Gerhart Hauptmann's Ratten (1911) at the Rose (1936)" begins on p. 187
Medusa's Mirror: Studies in German Literature
August Closs.
Cresset Press, 1957
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XII "Gerhart Hauptmann (1862-1946)"
FREE! Iconoclasts: A Book of Dramatists
James Huneker.
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1905
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IV "Gerhart Hauptmann"
FREE! The German Drama of the Nineteenth Century
Georg Witkowski; L. E. Horning.
H. Holt, 1909
Librarian’s tip: "Gerhart Hauptmann" begins on p. 187
The Nobel Prize Winners in Literature
Annie Russell Marble.
D. Appleton, 1925
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "Paul Heyse (1910) - Gerhart Hauptmann (1912)"
Columbia Dictionary of Modern European Literature
Horatio Smith.
Columbia University Press, 1947
Librarian’s tip: "Hauptmann, Gerhart" begins on p. 369
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