Nathalie Sarraute

Nathalie Sarraute (nätälē´ särōt´), 1900–1999, French novelist, b. Ivanovo, Russia, as Natasha Tcherniak; studied at the Sorbonne and Oxford. A lawyer, she joined (1925) a Paris firm. She began writing in the early 1930s. Stark and revolutionary in technique, Sarraute's nouveaux romans [new novels] Tropismes (1939, tr. 1967) and Portrait d'un inconnu (1949, tr. 1958) were brought to public attention by Jean-Paul Sartre. Sometimes termed "antinovels," they are stripped of the traditional elements of plot, characterization, and chronology and instead focus upon psychological preoccupations, giving subconscious impulses surrealistic and analytic treatment. Her later novels, Martereau (1953), Le Planétarium (1959, tr. 1960), Do You Hear Them? (1972, tr. 1973), and Here (1995, tr. 1997), show some compromise with traditional form. Sarraute's essays on the novel were published in Age of Suspicion (1956, tr. 1963).

See her autobiography, Childhood (1973, tr. 1984).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Nathalie Sarraute, Fiction and Theory: Questions of Difference
Ann Jefferson.
Cambridge University Press, 2000
Reading Nathalie Sarraute: Dialogue and Distance
Emer O'Beirne.
Oxford University, 1999
The Age of Suspicion: Essays on the Novel
Nathalie Sarraute; Maria Jolas.
G. Braziller, 1963
The French New Autobiographies: Sarraute, Duras, and Robbe Grillet
Raylene L. Ramsay.
University Press of Florida, 1996
Partners in Slime: The Liquid and the Viscous in Sarraute and Sartre
Willging, Jennifer.
The Romanic Review, Vol. 92, No. 3, May 2001
Women in Twentieth-Century Literature: A Jungian View
Bettina L. Knapp.
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Nathalie Sarraute's Between Life and Death: Androgyny and the Creative Process"
Rhetoric: Readings in French Literature
Michael Hawcroft.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Domestic Rhetoric in Nathalie Sarraute's Le Planetarium" begins on p. 151
French Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook
Eva Martin Sartori; Dorothy Wynne Zimmerman.
Greenwood Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: "Nathalie Sarraute (1900-)" begins on p. 412
The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature
Eva Martin Sartori; Colette H. Winn; Perry Gethner; Samia I. Spencer; Juliette Parnell-Smith; Mary Rice-DeFosse; Susan Ireland; Patrice J. Proulx.
Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Sarraute, Nathalie (1900-)" begins on p. 500
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