Moscow Art Theater

Moscow Art Theater, Russian repertory company founded in 1897 by Constantin Stanislavsky and Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko. Its work created new concepts of theatrical production and marked the beginning of modern theater. Rebelling against the highly stylized theater of the 19th cent., the founders set out to create instead a true ensemble theater based on a realistic method of acting and production. Their productions of Chekhov's plays, especially suitable to the company's subtle and intense style, brought fame to both Chekhov and the theater. Other memorable productions were Tolstoy's Czar Fyodor Ivanovitch, Dostoyevsky's Brothers Karamazov, and Gorky's Lower Depths. The company made several successful tours of the United States. It has continued its classic repertoire while reflecting in new productions the political changes within Russia over the years.

See N. M. Gorchakov, Stanislavksy Directs (1954); N. Houghton, Moscow Rehearsals (1962) and Return Engagement (1962); O. M. Sayler, Inside the Moscow Art Theatre (1925, repr. 1970); P. A. Markov, The Soviet Theatre (1978).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Inside the Moscow Art Theatre
Oliver M. Sayler.
Brentano's, 1925
Plays of the Moscow Art Theatre Musical Studio ..
George S.; Gilbert Seldes.
Brentano's, 1925
The Soviet Theatre
P. A. Markov.
V. Gollancz, 1934
Librarian’s tip: Chap. III "The Moscow Art Theatre"
The Independent Theatre in Europe, 1887 to the Present
Anna Irene Miller.
Ray Long & Rihcard R. Smith, 1931
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "The Moscow Art Theatre and the Soviet Theatre of Russia"
Russian Theater from the Empire to the Soviets
Marc Slonim.
World Publishing, 1961
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "The Beginnings of the Moscow Art Theater" and Chap. 5 "The Evolution of the Moscow Art Theater"
Soviet Theaters, 1917-1941
Yosyp Hirniak; Serge Orlovsky; Gabriel Ramensky; Boris Volkov; Peter Yershov; Martha Bradshaw.
Research Program on the U.S.S.R., 1954
Librarian’s tip: "The First, Second and Third Studios of the Moscow Art Theater" begins on p. 37 and "Moscow Art Theater (MKhAT)" begins on p. 53
Theatre Companies of the World
Colby H. Kullman; William C. Young.
Greenwood Press, vol.1, 1986
Librarian’s tip: "Moscow Art Theatre" begins on p. 283
Russia: Tsarist and Communist
Anatole G. Mazour.
D. Van Nostrand, 1962
Librarian’s tip: "Realism: The Moscow Art Theater" begins on p. 446
Sisters, Samovars and Second Acts
Shteir, Rachel.
American Theatre, Vol. 15, No. 4, April 1998
The Moscow Art Theatre
Nick Worrall.
Routledge, 1996
Anton Chekhov at the Moscow Art Theatre: Archive Illustrations of the Original Productions
Vera Gottlieb.
Routledge, 2004
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