Refuge

Refuge is a magazine specializing in Social Science topics.

Articles from Vol. 26, No. 2, Fall

A Note from the Editor
In a recent news release on Canada's overall immigration intake for 2010, the government asserted that the country had "maintained its humanitarian tradition" by welcoming 4,833 privately sponsored refugees to Canada, 63 percent more than in 2005....
Borders, Labour Impacts, and Union Responses: Case of Spain
Abstract Spain is an acute example of severe yet permissive border control where institutional frameworks ensure that migrant labour inexpensively fills existing labour shortages and highly exploitative "niches," while aiding a broader flexibilization...
Borders of Solidarity: Life in Displacement in the Amazon Tri-Border Region
Abstract In 2004, the representatives of Latin American countries, gathered in Mexico City, devised a multilateral Plan of Action (MPA) in order to foster ah improvement on refugee protection mechanisms in the region. Among its many proposals, the...
Creating Higher Burdens: The Presumption of State Protection in Democratic Countries
Abstract The author examines the burden on refugee claimants at the Immigration and Refugee Board in Canada to provide evidence that their home state cannot protect them. In particular, the paper discusses the growing trend of adjudicators taking...
Differential Criminalization under Operation Streamline: Challenges to Freedom of Movement and Humanitarian Aid Provision in the Mexico-US Borderlands
Abstract On January 14, 2008, under the wider program of the Arizona Denial Prosecution Initiative, Operation Streamline was put into effect in the Tucson Sector of the Mexico-US borderlands. Initially implemented in Del Rio, Texas, this program--aimed...
Domestic Violence and Gender-Based Persecution: How Refugee Adjudicators Judge Women Seeking Refuge from Spousal Violence-And Why Reform Is Needed
Abstract This report is an effort to address information gaps regarding how gendered claims are addressed by adjudicators at Canada's Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (the RPD). It looks at one specific...
Editorial: Why No Borders?
Abstract This editorial article argues for No Borders as a practical political project. We first critically examine borders as ideological, generating and reinforcing inequality. We consider some responses to injustices produced by borders: the...
"I Have a Voice-Hear Me!" Findings of an Australian Study Examining the Resettlement and Integration Experience of Refugees and Migrants from the Horn of Africa in Australia
Abstract Using the lens of "integration criteria" developed by Ager and Strang, this article presents the findings of a project documenting the resettlement and integration experiences of refugees and migrants from the Horn of Africa (HoA) in Australia....
Migrant Illegality, Nation-Building, and the Politics of Regularization in Canada
Abstract Regularization, a means for people living with precarious immigration status to legalize or "regularize" their status, is a central demand of immigrant rights groups across Canada. From a perspective of No Borders, does the demand for regularization,...
Moving beyond English as a Requirement to "Fit In": Considering Refugee and Migrant Education in South Australia
Abstract This paper presents findings from research conducted in two primary schools in South Australia with New Arrivals Programs (NAPs). The paper draws upon two forms of data: questionnaires administered to teachers and ethnographic observations...
Negotiating Rights: The Politics of Local Integration
Abstract Advocacy campaigns against the "warehousing" of refugees in camps suggest the facilitation of local integration as a preferred policy option for states, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations. This paper argues...
Refugees Who Arrive by Boat and Canada's Commitment to the Refugee Convention: A Discursive Analysis
Abstract This paper offers a comparative analysis of official discourse surrounding three incidents of asylum seekers arriving in Canada by boat: the Komagata Maru in 1914; the Sri Lankans who arrived in Newfoundland on lifeboats in 1986; and the...
Residency Documents for All! Notes to Understand the Movement of Migrants in Barcelona
Abstract This text focuses on a concrete example of the political struggle of migrants which, beginning in the last decade and continuing to the present, occupies Catalan public space in the form of an extremely novel social movement led by migrants...
Siting Sudaneseness: Territory, Practice, and Identity in Aragi
Abstract The word "aragi" refers to a type of crude, distilled alcoholic drink brewed by Sudanese people throughout Sudan and bordering countries as well as in smaller Sudanese communities around the world. To the people of Sudan residing in neighbouring...
Stateless Citizenship and the Palestinian-Arabs in Israel
Abstract This paper will focus on Israel's system of government with specific attention to the idea of citizenship and to its Palestinian-Arab citizenry. It will begin with a historical and political background of Palestinian-Arab citizens, along...
Un/convention(al) Refugees: Contextualizing the Accounts of Refugees Facing Homophobic or Transphobic Persecution
Abstract Propelled by fear of violence and flight from stigma, impelled by desire for connection and belonging, the movements of people whose sexualities or genders defy and offend norms cover a complex spatial, social, and psychological terrain....
Whose "No Borders"? Achieving Border Liberalization for the Right Reasons
Abstract Free population movement promises greater human liberties and improved economic performance. Inevitably, however, there are critics. Most vocally, the conservative Right points towards the erosion of Western welfare systems, the large migratory...