Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES) is a quarterly professional journal published and owned by the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (AAHPERD). Its editorial headquarters is in Reston, Va. This journal has been published since 1930. Offering the latest research in the art and science of human movement studies, RQES features articles and research notes encompassing such topic areas as biomechanics, epidemiology, motor behavior, measurement and evaluation, physiology, pedagogy, psychology and history/philosophy/sociocultural foundations. This journal is a go-to source for researchers and university students preparing for careers in exercise and sport science. Its region is the U.S. The journal publishes over 50 papers per year in four issues (March, June, September and December), an annual index (in the December issue) and an annual supplement, containing approximately 250 abstracts of presentations from the Research Consortium Conference of the AAHPERD National Convention and Exposition. In March 2005, RQES featured an article titled "Listening to the Voices: The Experiences of African American Female Student Athletes." Using data collected at a large Midwestern University, the study looked at the sport participation patterns of 12 African American female collegiate student athletes. In December 2006, RQES researched active and passive commuting to school to assess the effects walking farther to school had on primary school age kids. In June 2009, the journal included an article that explored whether adults involved in resistance training programs experienced and perceived changes in physical self-worth. Linda Topper is the Managing Editor and Publisher and Mark G. Fischman is Editor-in-Chief.

Articles from Vol. 80, No. 2, June

A Cross-Cultural Validation of Perceived Locus of Causality Scale in Physical Education Context
We examined the validity of the factor structure and invariance of the Perceived Locus of Causality (PLOC) scale instrument scores across two nations endorsing collectivist (Singapore) and individualist (Great Britain) cultural values. Results indicated...
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Aggression in Soccer: An Exploratory Study of Accounts Preference
Most researchers have defined aggression in sport as overt acts violating the formal rules and intentionally causing harm (Widmeyer, Dorsch, Bray, & McGuire, 2002). Such conduct in team sports may also be conceptualized as a kind of social interaction...
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A Single 30-S Stretch Is Sufficient to Inhibit Maximal Voluntary Strength
While it has been well established that an acute stretching program can inhibit maximal muscle performance, the amount of stretching needed to produce the deleterious response is unknown. Therefore this study examined the dose-response relationship...
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Assessing Physical Activity in Children with Asthma: Convergent Validity between Accelerometer and Electronic Diary Data
Convergent validity of accelerometer and electronic diary physical activity data was assessed in children with asthma. Sixty-two participants, ages 9-18 years, wore an accelerometer and reported their physical activity level in quarter-hour segments...
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Assessment of Differing Definitions of Accelerometer Nonwear Time
Measuring physical activity with objective tools, such as accelerometers, is becoming more common (Troiano, 2005). Accelerometers measure acceleration multiple times within a given frequency and summarize this as a count over a pre-specified time period...
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Body Mass and Circumference of Upper Arm Are Associated with Race Performance in Ultraendurance Runners in a Multistage Race-The Isarrun 2006
In the present study, we investigated the association of anthropometric parameters with race performance in ultraendurance runners in a multistage ultraendurance run, in which athletes had to run 338 km within 5 consecutive days. In 17 male successful...
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Complicating the "Soccer Mom: "The Cultural Politics of Forming Class-Based Identity, Distinction, and Necessity
Using Pierre Bourdieu's theories of social class differentiation and class reproduction, this paper provides an analysis of classbased identity politics in contemporary suburban America. Through a critical ethnography of the emergent, American, uppermiddle-class...
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Crossing the Line: Rites of Passage, Team Aspects, and Ambiguity of Hazing
Framed within the psychosocial context of the sport ethic and social-approval goal orientation, 10 female and 11 male current collegiate or former high school athletes participated in individual interviews about their hazing experiences. Data analysis...
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Desaturation Patterns Detected by Oximetry in a Large Population of Athletes
Optimal exercise performance in well trained athletes can be affected by arterial oxygen saturation failure. Noninvasive detection of this phenomenon when performing a routine ergometric test can be a valuable tool for subsequent planning of the athlete's...
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Editorial: Why Is This Issue of RQES So Big?
Clearly, this issue of Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES) is considerably larger than a typical issue of the quarterly. In fact, it has twice as many pages as most other issues of RQES. Not only are we publishing a double issue this month,...
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Estimating Energy Expenditure with the RT3 Triaxial Accelerometer
The RT3 is a relatively new triaxial accelerometer that has replaced the TriTrac. The aim of this study was to validate the RT3 against doubly labeled water (DLW) in a free-living, mixed weight sample of adults. Total energy expenditure (TEE) was measured...
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Examining the Relationships among Coaching Staff Diversity, Perceptions of Diversity, Value Congruence, and Life Satisfaction
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among coaching staff diversity, perceptions of diversity, value congruence, and life satisfaction. Data were collected from 71 coaching staffs (N = 196 coaches). Observed path analysis was used...
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Expected Values for Pedometer-Determined Physical Activity in Youth
This review assembles pedometry literature focused on youth, with particular attention to expected values for habitual, school day, physical education class, recess, lunch break, out-of-school, weekend, and vacation activity. From 31 studies published...
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Factors Influencing Children's Performances of a Steady-State Bimanual Coordination Task
Children ages 4, 6, and 8 years and adults performed self-selected, continuous, unimanual and bimanual coordination tasks for 30 s. The length of time performing the task was investigated as a potential control parameter. As hypothesized, all groups...
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Guiding Visual Attention in Decision Making-Verbal Instructions versus Flicker Cueing
Perceptual-cognitive processes play an important role in open, fast-paced, interceptive sports such as tennis, basketball, and soccer (e.g., Davids, Savelsbergh, Bennett, & van der Kamp, 2002). Visual information processing has been shown to distinguish...
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Individual Information-Centered Approach for Handling Physical Activity Missing Data
The purpose of this study was to validate individual information (II)-centered methods for handling missing data, using data samples of 118 middle-aged adults and 91 older adults equipped with Yamax SW-200 pedometers and Actigraph accelerometers for...
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Interrater Objectivity for Field-Based Fundamental Motor Skill Assessment
In the past 10 years, a growing body of evidence has linked fundamental motor skills (FMS) proficiency to physical activity participation (Booth et al., 1997; Booth et al., 2006; Okely, 1999; Okely, Booth, & Patterson, 2001; van Beurden et al.,...
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Intrateam Communication and Performance in Doubles Tennis
Verbal and nonverbal communication is a critical mediator of performance in team sports and yet there is little extant research in sports that involves direct measures of communication. Our study explored communication within NCAA Division I female...
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Navigating Two Cultures: An Investigation of Cultures of a Responsibility-Based Physical Activity Program and School
We investigated the culture of a responsibility-based physical activity program called Project Effort as well as the school culture of its participants. Five children who had at least one full semester of participation in the program participated in...
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Older Adults' Perceived Changes in Physical Self-Worth Associated with Resistance Training
Using Sonstroem, Harlow, and Josephs' (1994) expanded version of the Exercise and Self-Esteem Model (EXSEM; Sonstroem & Morgan, 1989), we explored how 9 older adults (6 women and 3 men, aged 65-72 years) involved in a resistance training program...
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Pedometry Methods for Assessing Free-Living Youth
The purpose of this review is to integrate and summarize specific measurement topics (instrument and metric choice, validity, reliability, how many and what types of days, reactivity, and data treatment) appropriate to the study of youth physical activity....
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Physical Activity as a Moderator of the Relationship between Aging and Inductive Reasoning
A relatively universal observation in aging studies is that cognitive functions inevitably decline across the adult life span (e.g., Hasher & Zacks, 1988). More specifically, executive functions decline substantially with age (e.g., West, 1996),...
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Predicting Changes in Athletes' Well Being from Changes in Need Satisfaction over the Course of a Competitive Season
It is commonly believed that participation in structured sport programs leads to positive experiences and beneficial developmental outcomes for children and adolescents (see Coakley, 2007; Weiss, Amorose, & Allen, 2000). For instance, proponents...
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Regular Exercise and Plasma Lipid Levels Associated with the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: A 20-Year Longitudinal Study
We investigated the effects of regular exercise on the plasma lipid levels that contribute to coronary heart disease (CHD), of 20 sedentary men who participated in an exercise program over 20 consecutive years. The men, whose initial ages ranged from...
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Specific Circuit Training in Young Judokas: Effects of Rest Duration
Ten adolescent judokas performed circuit training consisting of six 40-s periods of judo exercises separated by 40 s (CT1:1), 120 s (CT1:3), or 200 s (CT1:5) of rest. Heart rate, blood lactate concentration, and the number of repetitions were recorded....
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Sport Ability Beliefs, 2 X 2 Achievement Goals, and Intrinsic Motivation: The Moderating Role of Perceived Competence in Sport and Exercise
We examined whether perceived competence moderated the relationships between implicit theories, 2 x 2 achievement goals, and intrinsic motivation for sports and physical activity. We placed 309 university students into high and moderate perceived competence...
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The Amount of Practice Really Matters: Specificity of Practice May Be Valid Only after Sufficient Practice
Studies investigating the specificity hypothesis have not always demonstrated that reliance on a specific source of feedback increases with practice. The goal of the present study was to address this inconsistency by having participants practice a...
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The Association between Motor Skill Competence and Physical Fitness in Young Adults
We examined the relationship between competence in three fundamental motor skills (throwing, kicking, and jumping) and six measures of health-related physical fitness in young adults (ages 18-25). We assessed motor skill competence using product scores...
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The Effect of Biological Movement Variability on the Performance of the Golf Swing in High- and Low- Handicapped Players
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of neuromotor noise on golf swing performance in high- and low-handicap players. Selected two-dimensional kinematic measures of 20 male golfers (n = 10 per high- or low-handicap group) performing 10...
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The Influence of Task Constraints on the Glenohumeral Horizontal Abduction Angle of the Overarm Throw of Novice Throwers
The action of the throwing arm during the development of the mature overarm throwing pattern has garnered much attention in recent years. Many of these studies have incorporated Newell's (1986) developmental model into the description of the organismic...
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The Relative Age Effect in Elite Sport: The French Case
The relative age effect (RAE) is considered a common phenomenon in elite sport. However, it has not been examined systematically in previous research, and the mechanisms likely to generate or to limit such an effect are little understood. This paper...
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Throwing Pattern: Changes in Timing of Joint Lag According to Age between and within Skill Level
Accomplished throwers conserve angular momentum when distal joints of the throwing arm reach peak velocity at a later time than their proximal neighbors. The result is an increase in velocity of the most distal segment--the hand. Past research indicates...
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Treadmill Adaptation and Verification of Self-Selected Walking Speed: A Protocol for Children
Walking is a common activity of daily life and researchers have used the range 3-6 km.[h.sup.-1] as reference for walking speeds habitually used for transportation (Brooks, Butte, Rand, Flatt, & Caballero, 2004). The term serf-selected (i.e., individual...
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