Research-Technology Management

Magazine for managers of research, development, and technology implementation.

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 4, July/August

A Competitiveness Strategy for America
A Competitiveness Strategy for America; Competitiveness Policy Council; 61 pp., $4.00 from USGPO; Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402; Stock No. 040-000-00588-9.This second report to the President and Congress proposes several goals for the U.S.,...
Corporate Renewal through Cooperation and Critical Technologies
Most financial institutions, and many well-known companies, have not yet fully appreciated the profound nature of the technology-driven "paradigm shift" in management strategy now required for industrial competitiveness--even survival. Several basic...
Downsized Yet Still Potent Russian Science Seen Emerging from Current Political Crisis
Russia's science establishment, the largest in the world in absolute numbers, is in crisis. Salaries of research scientists and engineers have not kept up with the monthly inflation rates of approximately 30 percent, and, as a result, most researchers...
Facing toward Governments: Nongovernmental Organizations and Scientific and Technical Advice
Facing Toward Governments: Nongovernmental Organizations and Scientific and Technical Advice; Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology and Government, New York, NY; 113 pp.; available without charge from the Commission, 10 Waverly Place, New York,...
Flowing Past Organizational Walls
Industry is well past the era when marketing can throw an idea over the wall to research, which throws a prototype over the wall to engineering, which throws a design over the wall to manufacturing, saying "Make it," with accounting scurrying after everyone...
Generating a 'Golden Glow'
The literature is replete with stories about the peculiar difficulties of managing research. Most of us have experienced some of these first-hand. Shifting targets, resource allocation difficulties, boundaries of functional organizations, poor coupling...
German-Russian Science Cooperation Increasing
Germany is quietly becoming one of Russia's closest scientific partners.Although numerous R&D ventures now exist between individual Russian research groups and companies from the U.S. and Western Europe, the German government is taking long-term...
How the Japanese Manage the R&D-Marketing Interface
Many studies of new product success and failure indicate that the level of R&D--marketing integration critically affects new product success rates. In this context, R&D--marketing integration refers to the extent to which marketing and R&D...
Implementing Total Quality in R&D
Health care R&D can be made more efficient, competitive and customer-focused through the rigorous application of Total Quality (TQ). This results in sustained competitive advantage. We implemented TQ in the Health and Personal Care Technology Division...
Internationalizing R&D Improves a Firm's Technical Learning
The R&D unction has traditionally been a function that firms have been reluctant to internationalize. The clearest disadvantage of geographic decentralization can be summarized in one statement communication difficulties. If one decentralizes a firm's...
Japan's Industry Hiring More Foreign Researchers
Japanese companies are recruiting more non-Japanese researchers to boost their capabilities in basic research, as well to help overcome an expected shortfall in the domestic supply of scientists and engineers in just a few years.A survey of 16 major...
Keith Flunks the Course
The following hypothetical human resource problem has, like so many of its ilk, no "correct" answer. In order to help your colleagues deal with such a situation, please write and tell us how you would handle it. We'll print as many as space permits.--The...
Managing Technology: Learning from Japan
Many Western firms are now looking to Japanese firms for new approaches to managing technology and maximizing the efficiency of their R&D.In order to examine how the Japanese are managing their technology strategies and industrial practices, and...
Pharmaceutical R&D: Costs, Risks and Rewards
Pharmaceutical R&D: Costs, Risks and Rewards; Congressional Office of Technology Assessment; 386 pp., $18 from USGPO, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402; Stock No. 052-003-01315-1.In recent years, revenues from pharmaceutical R&D have more...
Science + Advice = Science Policy Advice: The Role of Scientific Expertise in Policy-Making
The world that science and technology has created through discovery, enlightenment, and invention, is integral to our daily lives, and thus cannot be separated from politics. Throughout my career, I have encouraged scientists in industry and academia...
South China Is Newest Technology Tiger
Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore, which together with South Korea make up the quadrumvirate of Asian "tigers," have two common problems as they try to increase their output of high.technology products: lack of space and growing labor costs.Hong Kong is...
Three Other R's: Recognition, Reward and Resentment
Have you ever wondered why your latest management program scored a zero with the research staff, or why the strategic planning exercise failed to achieve much impact on research productivity? I have, and as indicated in the literature and from personal...
When the Money Gets Tight
Manage the R&D process or it will manage you!Research directors contemplating this prospect at a recent Industrial Research Institute meeting on "Managing R&D During a Downturn" had little difficulty making the choice. Led by Graham Mitchell...
Why Forecasts Fail
Even the best of futurists can be trapped in the two most common pitfalls of forecasting. The first is to overestimate the speed with which a new development will penetrate the society or the marketplace; or the speed with which it will become important....