West Virginia University Philological Papers

Articles from Vol. 54, May

A Mind's Eye View: Repetition, Obsession, and Jealousy in Robbe-Grillet's la Jalousie and Claude Chabrol's L'Enfer
Alain Robbe-Grillet's artistic endeavors have generated a great deal of discussion on the increasingly complex relationship between an image and a text. From his nouveaux romans to his provocative films to his controversial statements, Robbe-Grillet...
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"A Mixture of Jewels and Stones": Japanese Aphorisms
Translation and commentary by John Solt Preface When I heard about a festschrift in the works for Armand Singer, I was delighted but uneasy. What could I possibly offer that could meaningfully honor such an extraordinary human being? What subject...
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Dangerous Liaisons: Don Juan and Philosophy (Reflections on an Evening with a Lady's Man)
A tribute to Armand Singer, who was taught generations to love literature and to find it important enough in itself. Purche porti la gonella, voi sapete quel che fa. (1) (Aria tratta dal Don Giovanni di Mozart, librettista Lorenzo Da Ponte)...
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Dismissed without Prejudice: Eugene O'Neill's Anti-Semitism or Some of My Best Friends
A favorite and very rewarding place for research in matters dealing with Eugene O'Neill is the Louis Sheaffer-Eugene O'Neill Collection in the archives of the Shain Library at Connecticut College in New London. And while much of the fascinating material...
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Don Juan from a Feminist Perspective
The Don Juan figure has captivated writers, musicians, artists, and critics from all over the world. His name has become virtually a household word for the general public. Unlike Hamlet, Faust, and Don Quijote, however, Don Juan is not defined in one...
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Frenetic Provocations of Imperfections in Crimen Ferpecto
While some scholars have criticized Alex de la Iglesia (1965-) (1) for creating films that offer overdoses of grotesque comedy, (2) it is undeniable that his films have created a fresh genre (3) that draws on a hybrid collage of frenetic provocations,...
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From Kabul to the North Pole: Solo Travelers, Their Narratives, and Their Non-Human Companions
Fiction, especially children's fiction, is filled with tales of lone young adventurers and their animal companions. Dorothy had the both the Cowardly Lion and Toto, as well as the Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman, to help her down the yellow brick road,...
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Images of Power and Authority in Jose Luis Garci's Cinematic Adaptation of Galdos's El Abuelo
El amor es la vida, el amor ennoblece, el amor es alegria. Sustrayendo de la vida el amor podemos comprender el Infierno. Con el, la gloria es comprensible. Benito Perez Galdos (qtd. in De la Nuez 205) El abuelo first appeared in 1897 as a "novela...
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Imaginary Places, Hallucinatory Spaces, and a Postscript: Altered States in the Germanic Realm
By their very nature, the acts of writing and reading make us drift away into imagined and imaginary worlds. Germans use the term Selbstvergessenheit--a state of forgetting oneself. (1) In his diaries, the late Swiss writer Max Frisch describes a French...
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Introduction
Since 1976, the Department of Foreign Languages has hosted an Annual Colloquium on Literature and Film, selected papers from which have been published in the West Virginia University Philological Papers, edited since 1952 by Armand Singer. In 2006,...
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Kate and Petruchio: Co-Heroes in an Alliance for Agency? Film Versions of Shakespeare's the Taming of the Shrew
This analysis will juxtapose Jonathan Miller's 1980 BBC film version of The Taming of the Shrew with Franco Zeffirelli's 1967 film starring Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton. Miller, a more contemporary director with a progressive perspective, allows...
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Langston Hughes's Blues: Key African-American Musical Movements and Styles
This essay will trace key African-American musical movements and styles Langston Hughes incorporated into his poetry, focusing primarily on the blues--where Hughes most likely first heard them, what songs he might have known, and what he wrote in response;...
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Malory's Use of Hardyng's Chronicle: A Reconsideration
John Hardyng's metrical chronicle is one of the most recently discovered sources of Sir Thomas Malory's Morte Darthur. In 1960 William Matthews first suggested that Malory had read Hardyng's chronicle when he pointed out that the chronicle was probably...
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Middle-Class Matrons in Representative Plays of the 1920s
In the first minutes of George Kelly's Pulitzer-winning drama Craig's Wife (1925), the Craig family housekeeper remarks, [I]t's just as well to keep a day or two ahead of a woman like Mrs. Craig.... if she gets an idea up there that there's...
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Narrating Genocide: Edwidge Danticat's the Farming of Bones and Yolande Mukagasana's N'aie Pas Peur De Sa Voir
Born in Haiti, Edwidge Danticat now lives in the United States. Her novel, The Farming of Bones, won an American Book Award in 1999 for its reconstruction of the 1937 slaughter of Haitians in the Dominican Republic. In N'aie pas peur de savoir (Don't...
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No Place/like Home: Terry Gilliam's "1984 1/2," Brazil
"8:49 p.m.... Somewhere in the 20th Century" words superimposed over a salmonsunset-tinged, creamy cloudscape through which the camera--after the film's initial black screen, a waking eye or a dreaming one?--flies: with this image, Terry Gilliam opens...
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Politics of Seeing: The Fantastic in the Eye of the Split Subject
Although the title of Cristina Peri Rossi's short story "Los objetos voladores" (1974) conjures up the popular myth of unidentified flying objects, the Uruguayan writer does not develop this theme within the generic conventions of science fiction but...
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Some Allusions to French Literature in Francois Truffaut's Fahrenheit 451
Throughout much of his remarkable and somewhat eccentric career, filmmaker Francois Truffaut was criticized for avoiding discussions of the urgent political and social issues of the day. Like a modern-day Rousseau, the highly romantic Truffaut believed...
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The Indeterminate Sign in Ridley Scott's Blade Runner, Director's Cut
"... prehensile hands exchange forgeries of what the heart dare not surrender."--Gaddis The "empire of signs" foregrounded Ridley Scott's postmodernist film Blade Runner, Director's Cut (1982) is not twentieth century Japan as described in Roland...
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The Politics of Discourse in John Knox's the First Blast of the Trumpet against the Monstrous Regiment of Women
On the surface, John Knox's infamous The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women (1558) seems a well-organized polemical treatise whose point is succinctly stated in the opening proposition: "To promote a Woman to beare rule,...
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The Proximity of Distance: Fascination, Reception, and Heart of Darkness
Since 1899, when Blackwood's Magazine published three installments of what would become Heart of Darkness, readers have struggled to come to terms with Joseph Conrad's bestknown work. Approaching the novella from within the political context of fin-de-siecle...
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To Patagonia and Beyond: In Memoriam Armand Singer
(Eulogy given by Hart Wegner, at Brooks Hall 211 on the campus of West Virginia University, 6 October 2007.) I have known Armand Singer for thirty years. Ours was at first a bond of professional respect, but time was good to us and allowed us to...
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Under the Gun of Time: Preminger's Laura and Hofmannsthal's Rosenkavalier
A traveler sitting under the chestnut trees in one of the vintner gardens of Grinzing, Sievering, or any of the other wine-growing districts of Vienna and who is able to understand what the musicians sing at his table must wonder about the morbidity...
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Writing the Other Self in Aritha Van Herk's Novels
Contemporary Canadian female authors' novels explore how language and notions of identity are differently construed according to history, time, class, race, and community. Because the impulse toward self-representation is connected to the cultural...
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