Social Justice

Quarterly journal provides articles on international dimensions of power, inequality and injustice through focusing on globalization, human and civil rights, immigration issues, social policies affecting welfare and education, ethnic and gender relations and environmental victims.

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 3-4, Fall-Winter

Bearing the Neoconservative Burden? Frontline Work in Prisons
Those critical of the prison system and its brutalities sometimes condemn COs [Corrections Officers] whole-cloth, forgetting that the prison is often a replacement for the closed, local factory, and that if the workers, through lack of other choices,...
Commentary: The State That Signed the Contract Felled a City-One Voice at the Intersection of Public War and Private Profit
THAT FORMER DEFENSE SECRETARY DONALD RUMSFELD TENDED TO CONFUSE tactics for the successful prosecution of war with strategies that produced private gain in the pharmaceutical industry was probably clear to anyone not career-captured in "yes-sir" circles...
Commercial Crime Control and the Electronic Monitoring of Offenders in England and Wales
SINCE THE 1980s, THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT HAS ACTIVELY PROMOTED THE ROLE OF the private security industry within the criminal justice system. Privately run prisons, young offender institutions, and secure training centers for children aged 12 to 17 years...
From Cowboy Detectives to Soldiers of Fortune: Private Security Contracting and Its Contradictions on the New Frontiers of Capitalist Expansion
Statesmen, diplomats, business leaders, aristocrats, fascinated by their profession, invited the Pinkertons to their dinner tables and in time accepted them as the law in America, a land they viewed as part frontier. Within a decade the Agency had...
Holding Private Prisons Accountable: A Socio-Legal Analysis of "Contracting Out" Prisons
Introduction IN THE CONTEXT OF A PRISON BOOM (GOTTSCHALK, 2002), THE RAPID ESTABLISHMENT of private prisons over the last few decades (Ratliff, 1997) reflects a heightened belief that private entities can perform public functions as well as public...
Market Patriotism and the "War on Terror"
I was in the East End of London yesterday and attended a meeting of the unemployed. I listened to the wild speeches, which were just a cry for "bread," "bread," and on my way home I pondered over the scene and I became more than ever convinced of the...
Private Corrections, Financial Infrastructure, and Transportation: The New Geo-Economy of Shipping Prisoners
Introduction THE EXPANDING PRIVATE PRISON INDUSTRY IS A CONTEMPORARY EXAMPLE OF COERCIVE social control that is driven by neoliberal economic policies and activities residing outside the conventional boundaries of criminal justice (Coyle et al.,...
Privatizing International Conflict: War as Corporate Crime
WITH RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, WAR IS INCREASINGLY becoming a form of state and corporate criminality; therefore, it requires criminological analytical efforts. This article analyzes "war as crime," focusing on the illegality perpetrated...
Public Participation/private Contract
Introduction WHEN U.S. MILITARY CONTRACTORS DIE IN A CONFLICT SUCH AS THE IRAQ WAR, the Pentagon does not include their deaths in the casualty figures it announces to the public (see Witt, 2007: 1). Indeed, some commentators argue that the recent...
Regulating the Private Security Sector in South Africa
Introduction THIS ARTICLE SEEKS TO ANALYZE THE SOUTH AFRICAN REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR the private security industry, an object of investigation that, at least at the domestic level, presents an interesting case study for an effective regulatory...
The Private/public Security Nexus in China
TODAY THE PRIVATE SECURITY SECTOR IN CHINA IS BOOMING. As OF DECEMBER 2006, almost four million authorized private security guards were operating, a 100% increase over the previous year. (1) The 2006 figure includes 930,000 security personnel who work...
The Privatization of Citizen Security in Latin America: From Elite Guards to Neighborhood Vigilantes
IN LATIN AMERICA, THE COMBINATION OF DEMOCRATIZATION, NEOLIBERALISM, AND record crime rates has converged to spur such a phenomenal growth in private security that private security guards now outnumber public police officers in nearly every country....